Chaplet from Tomb at Ur

Chaplet from Tomb at Ur

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File:Grave of Meskalamdug (PG 755, B) at Ur, next to royal tomb PG 779 (A) and royal tomb PG 777 (C).jpg

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Royal Tombs of Ur

Leonard Woolley’s excavations at the ancient Sumerian city of Ur in southern Iraq – or Mesopotomia, ‘the land between the two rivers’, as it was then known – lasted from 1922 to 1934. At the end of the 1926 season, working on a cemetery site containing some 2,500 burials, the excavators uncovered a deep shaft, at the foot of which lay a gold dagger with a hilt of lapis lazuli, and a gold sheath, along with a hoard of copper weapons and a set of little toilet instruments. Nothing of this quality and date had ever been found before in Mesopotamian archaeology.

Work in subsequent seasons revealed 16 burials of exceptional wealth. These ‘Royal Tombs’ comprised sunken stone chambers with vaulted roofs, approached down steep ramps cut into the earth. Most had been robbed, but even these often still contained extraordinary treasures, like the ‘Standard of Ur’ made up of mosaic panels of lapis lazuli and mother-of-pearl, it had once formed the sides of the sound- box of a lyre. One rich tomb, that of Queen Puabi (known from a seal buried with her), was found intact. The evidence of this and some of the other tombs revealed an elaborate funerary ritual involving human sacrifice on a mass scale. Woolley talked of ‘the death-pits of Ur’.

The Royal Tombs of Ur described
The grave-goods of the Early Dynastic rulers of Ur were of two kinds. An abundance of rich artefacts signalled their status and equipped them for the afterlife: as well as the golden dagger and the sound-box mosaics, there were two statuettes of a male goat with its forelegs resting on a tree, executed in gold and lapis lazuli a lyre adorned with a golden bull’s head gold and silver vessels jewellery of precious metals and semi-precious stones a diadem of golden leaves and rosettes and such lesser items as helmets, weapons, and other war-gear.

More shocking, however, was the presence of attendants. ‘The burial of the kings,’ explained Woolley, ‘was accompanied by human sacrifice on a lavish scale, the bottom of the grave-pit being crowded with the bodies of men and women who seemed to have been brought down here and butchered where they stood. In one grave, the soldiers of the guard, wearing copper helmets and carrying spears, lie at the foot of the steep ramp that led down into the grave against the end of the tomb chamber are nine ladies of the court with elaborate golden head-dresses in front of the entrance are drawn up two heavy four-wheeled carts with three bullocks harnessed to each other, and the driver’s bones lie in the carts, and grooms are by the heads of the animals.’

The Royal Tombs of Ur assessed
The richness of the tombs and the grotesque funerary ritual represented by them shed a sharp new light on the origins of civilisation in Ancient Mesopotamia. The implication was of a complex and highly stratified society in which an exceptionally wealthy and powerful elite had been elevated above society to almost god-like status. The range of materials used in the fashioning of artefacts implied wide trade contacts, and the craftsmanship embodied in the objects bore testimony to a hitherto unsuspected level of skill and artistry. This was also, however, a brutal and militaristic society. War-gear featured prominently among the grave-goods, but most striking in this respect were the images depicted on the Standard of Ur, which shows Sumerian charioteers riding down fleeing enemies, Sumerian spearmen leading naked captives before them, and the Sumerian king receiving these unfortunate victims of his army’s prowess. From the underground chambers of the Royal Tombs emerged a picture of a civilisation that was at once dazzling and sinister.

This article is an extract from the full article published in World Archaeology Issue 49. Click here to subscribe

Chaplet from Tomb at Ur - History


How to pray the Chaplet of the Seven Dolors of Our Lady

The Chaplet of the Seven Dolors of Our Lady has a total of 58 beads and a medal of the first dolor. There is a total of 7 sets of 7 beads, with 3 additional beads and a crucifix. On each of the seven beads if prayed the "Hail Mary. ".

On the separating beads is prayed the "Our Father. ".

On the 3 additional beads is prayed the "Hail Mary. " in remembrance of the tears of Mary that were shed because of the suffering of her Divine Son. These are said to obtain true sorrow for our sins.

The 7 groups of 7 Hail Mary's are recited in remembrance of the Seven Sorrows of Mary, namely:

1. The Prophecy of Simeon.
2. The flight into Egypt.
3. The loss of the Child Jesus.
4. Mary meets Jesus carrying His Cross.
5. The crucifixion.
6. Mary receives the body of Jesus from the Cross.
7. The body of Jesus is placed in the tomb.

After each set of seven beads is said the following prayer:

V. Pray for us, O most sorrowful Virgin.
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Lord Jesus, we now implore,
both for the present
and for the hour of our death,
the intercession of the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Thy Mother,
whose holy soul was pierced
at the time of Thy Passion by a sword of grief.
Grant us this favour,
O Saviour of the world,
Who livest and reignest
with the Father and the Holy Spirit
for ever and ever.

According to St. Bridget of Sweden (1303-1373), seven promises were made to those who medidate on Our Lady's Tears and Dolors. The Blessed Virgin grants seven graces to the souls who honour her daily by saying seven Hail Marys while meditating on her tears and dolors. These are:

1. "I will grant peace to their families."

2. "They will be enlightened about the Divine Mysteries."

3. "I will console them in their pains and I will accompany them in their work."

4. "I will give them as much as they ask for as long as it does not oppose the adorable will of my Divine Son or the sanctification of their souls."

5. "I will defend them in their spiritual battles with the infernal enemy and I will protect them at every instant of their lives."

6. "I will visibly help them at the moment of their death - they will see the face of their mother."

7. "I have obtained this grace from my Divine Son, that those who propagate this devotion to my tears and dolors will be taken directly from this earthly life to eternal happiness, since all their sins will be forgiven and my Son will be their eternal consolation and joy."

Benedict XIII., September 26th, 1724, granted an indulgence of two hundred days for every Our Father and every Hail Mary to those who, with sincere contrition, and having confessed, or firmly purposing to confess their sins, shall recite this Chaplet on any Friday, or on any day of Lent, on the Festival of the Seven Dolors, or within the Octave and one hundred days on any other day of the year.

Clement XII., December 12, 1734, confirmed these indulgences, and moreover granted:

1. A Plenary indulgence to those who shall have recited this Chaplet for a month every day - Confession, Communion and Prayers for the Church, required as usual.

2. An indulgence of one hundred years to all who should recite it on any day, having confessed their sins, with sincere sorrow, or at least firmly purposing to do so.

3. One hundred and fifty years to those who should recite it on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, and Holidays of obligation, with Confession and Communion.

4. A Plenary indulgence once a year, on any day, to those who are accustomed to recite it four times a week, on condition of Confession, Communion, and the Recital of the Chaplet on the day of Communion.

5. Two hundred years' indulgence to all who recite it devoutly after Confession and to all who carry it about them, and frequently recite it, ten years' indulgence every time they shall hear Mass, hear a sermon, or reciting Our Father, and seven Hail Mary's, shall perform any spiritual or corporal work of mercy, in honor of our Blessed Saviour, the Blessed Virgin Mary, or any Saint, their advocate.

All these indulgences were confirmed by a decree of January 17th, 1747, and rendered applicable to the souls in Purgatory.

To submit a question, please complete the

Standard of Ur and other objects from the Royal Graves

Intentionally buried as part of an elaborate ritual, this ornate object tells us so much, but also too little.

Standard of Ur, c. 2600-2400 B.C.E., 21.59 x 49.5 x 12 cm (British Museum)

The city of Ur

Postcard printed photograph showing archaeological excavations at Ur, with Arab workmen standing for scale in the excavated street of an early second millennium B.C.E. residential quarter © Trustees of the British Museum

Known today as Tell el-Muqayyar, the “Mound of Pitch,” the site was occupied from around 5000 B.C.E. to 300 B.C.E. Although Ur is famous as the home of the Old Testament patriarch Abraham (Genesis 11:29-32), there is no actual proof that Tell el-Muqayyar was identical with “Ur of the Chaldees.” In antiquity the city was known as Urim.

The main excavations at Ur were undertaken from 1922-34 by a joint expedition of The British Museum and the University Museum, Pennsylvania, led by Leonard Woolley. At the center of the settlement were mud brick temples dating back to the fourth millennium B.C.E. At the edge of the sacred area a cemetery grew up which included burials known today as the Royal Graves. An area of ordinary people’s houses was excavated in which a number of street corners have small shrines. But the largest surviving religious buildings, dedicated to the moon god Nanna, also include one of the best preserved ziggurats, and were founded in the period 2100-1800 B.C.E. For some of this time Ur was the capital of an empire stretching across southern Mesopotamia. Rulers of the later Kassite and Neo-Babylonian empires continued to build and rebuild at Ur. Changes in both the flow of the River Euphrates (now some ten miles to the east) and trade routes led to the eventual abandonment of the site.

The royal graves of Ur

Close to temple buildings at the center of the city of Ur, sat a rubbish dump built up over centuries. Unable to use the area for building, the people of Ur started to bury their dead there. The cemetery was used between about 2600-2000 B.C.E. and hundreds of burials were made in pits. Many of these contained very rich materials.

Cylinder seal of Pu-abi, c. 2600 B.C.E., lapis lazuli, 4.9 x 2.6 cm, from Ur © Trustees of the British Museum

In one area of the cemetery a group of sixteen graves was dated to the mid-third millennium. These large, shaft graves were distinct from the surrounding burials and consisted of a tomb, made of stone, rubble and bricks, built at the bottom of a pit. The layout of the tombs varied, some occupied the entire floor of the pit and had multiple chambers. The most complete tomb discovered belonged to a lady identified as Pu-abi from the name carved on a cylinder seal found with the burial.

The majority of graves had been robbed in antiquity but where evidence survived the main burial was surrounded by many human bodies. One grave had up to seventy-four such sacrificial victims. It is evident that elaborate ceremonies took place as the pits were filled in that included more human burials and offerings of food and objects. The excavator, Leonard Woolley thought the graves belonged to kings and queens. Another suggestion is that they belonged to the high priestesses of Ur.

The Standard of Ur

Peace (detail), The Standard of Ur, 2600-2400 B.C.E., shell, red limestone, lapis lazuli, and bitumen (original wood no longer exists), 21.59 x 49.53 x 12 cm (British Museum photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

This object was found in one of the largest graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur, lying in the corner of a chamber above the right shoulder of a man. Its original function is not yet understood.

Leonard Woolley, the excavator at Ur, imagined that it was carried on a pole as a standard, hence its common name. Another theory suggests that it formed the soundbox of a musical instrument.

When found, the original wooden frame for the mosaic of shell, red limestone and lapis lazuli had decayed, and the two main panels had been crushed together by the weight of the soil. The bitumen acting as glue had disintegrated and the end panels were broken. As a result, the present restoration is only a best guess as to how it originally appeared.

War (detail), The Standard of Ur, 2600-2400 B.C.E., shell, red limestone, lapis lazuli, and bitumen (original wood no longer exists), 21.59 x 49.53 x 12 cm (British Museum photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

The main panels are known as “War” and “Peace.” “War” shows one of the earliest representations of a Sumerian army. Chariots, each pulled by four donkeys, trample enemies infantry with cloaks carry spears enemy soldiers are killed with axes, others are paraded naked and presented to the king who holds a spear.

The “Peace” panel depicts animals, fish and other goods brought in procession to a banquet. Seated figures, wearing woolen fleeces or fringed skirts, drink to the accompaniment of a musician playing a lyre. Banquet scenes such as this are common on cylinder seals of the period, such as on the seal of the “Queen” Pu-abi, also in the British Museum (see image above).

Queen’s Lyre

Leonard Woolley discovered several lyres in the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. This was one of two that he found in the grave of “Queen” Pu-abi. Along with the lyre, which stood against the pit wall, were the bodies of ten women with fine jewelry, presumed to be sacrificial victims, and numerous stone and metal vessels. One woman lay right against the lyre and, according to Woolley, the bones of her hands were placed where the strings would have been.

Queen’s Lyre (reconstruction), 2600 B.C.E., wooden parts, pegs and string are modern lapis lazuli, shell and red limestone mosaic decoration, set in bitumen and the head (but not the horns) of the bull are ancient the bull’s head in front of the sound box is covered with gold the eyes are lapis lazuli and shell and the hair and beard are lapis lazuli panel on front depicts lion-headed eagle between gazelles, bulls with plants on hills, a bull-man between leopards and a lion attacking a bull edges of the sound-box are decorated with inlay bands eleven gold-headed pegs for the strings, 112.5 x 73 x 7 cm (body), Ur © Trustees of the British Museum

The wooden parts of the lyre had decayed in the soil, but Woolley poured plaster of Paris into the depression left by the vanished wood and so preserved the decoration in place. The front panels are made of lapis lazuli, shell and red limestone originally set in bitumen. The gold mask of the bull decorating the front of the sounding box had been crushed and had to be restored. While the horns are modern, the beard, hair and eyes are original and made of lapis lazuli.

This musical instrument was originally reconstructed as part of a unique “harp-lyre,” together with a harp from the burial, now also in The British Museum. Later research showed that this was a mistake. A new reconstruction, based on excavation photographs, was made in 1971-72.

Suggested readings:

J. Aruz, Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus (New York, 2003).

D. Collon, Ancient Near Eastern Art (London, 1995).

H. Crawford, Sumer and Sumerians (Cambridge, 2004).

N. Postgate, Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History (London, 1994).

M. Roaf, Cultural atlas of Mesopotamia (New York, 1990).

C.L. Woolley and P.R.S. Moorey, Ur of the Chaldees, revised edition (Ithaca, New York, Cornell University Press, 1982).

N. Yoffee, Myths of the Archaic State: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilization (Cambridge, 2005).

R. Zettler, and L. Horne, (eds.) Treasures from the Royal Tomb at Ur (Philadelphia, 1998).

The Legend of Sargon translation. (incomplete)

1. Sargon, the mighty king, king of Akkadê am I,

2. My mother was lowly my father I did not know

3. The brother of my father dwelt in the mountain.

4. My city is Azupiranu, which is situated on the bank of the Purattu [Euphrates],

5. My lowly mother conceived me, in secret she brought me forth.

6. She placed me in a basket of reeds, she closed my entrance with bitumen,

7. She cast me upon the rivers which did not overflow me.

8. The river carried me, it brought me to Akki, the irrigator.

9. Akki, the irrigator, in the goodness of his heart lifted me out,

10. Akki, the irrigator, as his own son brought me up

11. Akki, the irrigator, as his gardener appointed me.

12. When I was a gardener the goddess Ishtar loved me,

13. And for four years I ruled the kingdom.

14. The black-headed peoples I ruled, I governed

15. Mighty mountains with axes of bronze I destroyed (?). etc. etc. etc.

Sargon was an ambitious king, not content with just dominating Sumer. He continued on to defeat cities along the middle Euphrates and into northern Syria and the silver-rich mountains of southern Anatolia. He also dominated Susa, a city-state in Elam, which encompassed the Zagros Mountains of western Iran. Elam is also where the only truly contemporary record of his reign has been uncovered.

It is said that such was his fame that some merchants in a central Anatolian city, (central modern Turkey), begged him to intervene in a local quarrel, and according to the legend: Sargon with a band of warriors, made a fabulous journey to this still un-located city of Burushanda (Purshahanda), at the end of which, little more than his appearance was needed to settle the dispute.

During Sargons reign, commercial connections flourished with the Indus Valley, the coast of Oman, the islands and shores of the Persian Gulf, the lapis lazuli mines of Badakhshan, cedar wood came from Canaan (modern Lebanon), also trade with the silver-rich Taurus Mountains, Cappadocia, Crete, and perhaps Greece. It was during Sargon's rule that Akkadian became adapted to the script of the Sumerian language.

Because contemporary record is lacking, no sequence can be given for the events of his reign. Neither the number of years during which he lived nor the point in time at which he ruled can be fixed exactly 2334 B.C. is now given as a date on which to hang the beginning of the dynasty of Agade, and according to the Sumerian king list, he was king for 56 years. As a testament to his legacy, two later Assyrian kings were named in his honor.

Upon Sargons death, Rimush (2315-2306 B.C.), son of Sargon became king. Upon ascension he put down rebellions in Ur, Umma, Adab, Der, Lagash, and Kazallu in Sumer. Also Elam and Barakhshi in Iran, but he probably lost Syria. Palace intrigue led to his assassination, possibly by supporters of his brother Manishtusu . He was assassinated by having his head bashed in with a clay tablet.

Manishtusu (2306-2291 B.C.) - Either Rimush's older brother or his twin. The power of the Empire continued to wane, Manishtusu had to put down a coalition of 32 rebel kings. Though he did lose some ground, he did retain control of Assyria and Sumer. He then invaded the Oman region and defeated the local kings there. Court documents record him buying land from private citizens, indicating that the Kings there were not absolute and they did not control all of the land. An inscription was found from the reign of the Assyrian king Shamshi-Adad I, that stated that Manishtushu founded the famous temple of Ishtar in Nineveh. Manishtusu died in a palace revolt.

Naram-Sin (2291 2254 B.C.), Son of Manishtushu became king. He defeated a rebel coalition in Sumer and re- established Akkadian power. Naram-Sin pushed the boundaries of the Empire to the Zagros mountains. He re-conquered Syria, the area now called Lebanon and the Taurus mountains, destroying Aleppo and Mari in the process. The Oman area revolted, and Naram-Sin had to invade and defeat their King Mandannu. He also invaded Anatolia as far as Dierbakir. He called himself the "King of the Four Quarters" and the "God of Agade", thus making himself the first Mesopotamian king to declare himself divine.

Naram-Sin appointed his daughters as Priestess' and sons as Governors. Even with all this military expansion, he still had to continually put down rebellions. In fact, the Lullubi, a people of the Sherizor plain in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran, successfully pushed out the Akkadians under their king Annubanin, just a short time after Naram-Sin had subjugated them.

King Anubanini of the Lullubi

The Gutians - a people from the mountains northeast of Sumer (modern Iran) - invaded at the end of Naram-Sin's reign, causing great destruction and the break down of communications. The Gutian invasion was said by the Sumerians to be divine judgment for Naram-Sin's destruction of Enlil's temple at Nippur. A Sumerian Poem "The cursing of Agade" was composed in testament. Click Here for the Poem <<Click>>

One of the first cities that the Gutians take is Umma, a city in the eastern part of Sumer. Umma, which had experienced a resurgence in power during the rebellion against Agade, once again fell upon hard times. It was not until Umma submitted to Gutian rule did they begin to recover.

The "benign" subjection of Umma, probably prompted Ur-Bau, Ensi of Lagash, (a nearby city which also controlled the old capital of Ur - photo left), to establish a pro-Gutian government also. This move allowed Lagash to go unmolested by the Gutians and prosper.

Upon the death of Naram-Sin, his son Shar-Kali-Sharri (2254-2230 B.C.) became king. He tried to shore up the Empire and undo the damage caused by his father's policy's. Shar-Kali-Sharri fought well to preserve the realm and he won numerous battles, including one against the Amorites in Syria, but Elam declared independence and threw off the Akkadian language.

Shar-Kali-Sharri continually had to fight the Lullubi, Amorites, and Gutians. The Hurrians also contested with him for Assyria and northern Syria, Sumer then exploded in revolt. The Empire disintegrated under rebellion and invasion, he ended up ruling only the city of Agade. He is called the King of Agade, instead of earlier grandiose claims. He was killed in a palace revolt, his reign signaled the end of the Empire.

Of the Akkadian kings after Shar-kali-sharri, only the names and a few brief inscriptions have survived. Quarrels arose over the succession, and the dynasty went under, Two factors contributed to its downfall: the invasion of the nomadic Amurrus (Amorites), called "Martu" by the Sumerians, and the infiltration of the Gutians. According to the Sumerian king list, Sargons dynasty lasted 157 years. The last king of his dynasty was Car-kali-carri. Then there was a series of 11 other Akkadian kings who ruled for another 181 years.

Then the last Akkadian king, "Ilulu" was defeated by Sumerian king Ur-nijin of Unug. In Unug 3 kings ruled for 47 years, then Unug also was defeated by the Gutium. The Sumerians didn't think too much of the Gutians: here's what they had to say about them.

"They are not classed among people, not reckoned as part of the land, Gutian people who know no inhibitions, With human intelligence but canine instinct and monkey's features".

World Heritage Encyclopedia:

Excerpt: Next to nothing is known about their origins, as no "Gutian" artifacts have surfaced from that time (statues claiming to be of Gutians are fakes or misidentified) little information is gleaned from the contemporary sources. Nothing is known of their language either, apart from those Sumerian king names, and that it was distinct from other known languages of the region (such as Sumerian, Akkadian, Hurrian, Hittite and Elamite). (Additionally - assertions that the Gutians were Blue-eyed Blondes is not taken seriously by experts).

Ancient Soviet Union?

This period saw the creation of the oldest known law code, the Code of Ur-Nammu, as well as one of the world’s most bureaucratic states. Fortunately for scholars today, its rulers were obsessed with recording the most minor of transactions on clay tablets, usually with a stylus fashioned from a reed. The tapering end of the bit of ebony, Stone said, hints that it was the stylus of a high-ranking scribe.

“This was the first planned economy,” said Dominique Charpin, a specialist in cuneiform at the College de France, during a break from examining recently unearthed tablets. “It was like the Soviet Union.”

Most of the 28 tablets found during the excavation, he adds, deal with sales and rations of grain, wool, and bronze, as well as slaves and land registry. The sizes of the tablets vary, but all are crammed with tiny symbols that require a lighted magnifier to decipher.

Archaeologists in the past assumed that Ur in its heyday was like the former Soviet Union in another way: A small privileged elite controlled a large population of workers, often assigned to grim work units to manufacture clothes, pots, and other consumer goods. Stone is challenging that theory.

“There has been this assumption of inequality,” she said. “But more recent research points to social mobility in city-states like Ur. People could move up the economic ladder—that’s why they want to live in the city in the first place.”

Most digs in the past, including Woolley’s, focused on the temples, tombs, and palaces. But during the recent excavation, the team uncovered a modest-sized building dating to a couple of centuries after Ur’s peak.

“This is a typical Iraqi house,” said Abdul-Amir Hamdani, the senior Iraqi archaeologist on the project, who grew up in the area. He gestures at the mud-brick walls. “There are stairs to the roof and rooms around a courtyard. I lived in a house just like this. There’s a continuity in the way people live here.”

That hints, Stone and Hamdani said, at a society that wasn’t under the control of a small tyrannical minority.

Along with the ebony and the clay tablets, the team uncovered a small clay mask of Humbaba, a giant who protects the cedars of distant Lebanon. The excavators also found dried dates in the grave of a child, the first plant remains found at the site. Other botanical finds are now being analyzed to understand how the diet of citizens changed over time.

All About Mary

There exists a renewed interest in various forms of the Rosary which in fact have little to do with the classical rosary prayer itself. The term used commonly to designate these prayer forms is chaplet, probably because of their use of the beads. Some of these chaplets have a strong Marian connotation, others are more directly related to some saints. Not all of these variants of the authentic rosary are based on solid theology and devotional practice. The following are examples of chaplets. They are not researched as to historical accuracy and theological orthodoxy.


Blessed Sacrament Beads

These consist of a medal of the Blessed Sacrament and thirty-three beads, recalling the thirty-three years of Christ's life on earth.

On the medal one makes a spiritual communion as follows: As I cannot now receive Thee, my Jesus, in Holy Communion, come, spiritually into my heart, and make it Thine own forever. On each bead say: Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament, have mercy on us!

Chaplet of Divine Mercy

The Chaplet of Mercy is recited using ordinary rosary beads of five decades. At the National Shrine of Divine Mercy in Stockbridge, Massachusetts the Chaplet is preceded by two opening prayers from the Diary of Blessed Faustina and followed by a closing prayer.

You expired, Jesus, but the source of life gushed forth for souls, and the ocean of mercy opened up for the whole world. O Fount of Life, unfathomable Divine Mercy, envelop the whole world and empty Yourself out upon us.

O Blood and Water, which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus as a fountain of Mercy for us, I trust in You!

Begin the Chaplet with the Our Father, the Hail Mary and the Apostles' Creed. Then, on the large bead before each decade pray:

Eternal Father,
I offer you the Body and Blood,
Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son,
Our Lord, Jesus Christ,
in atonement for our sins
and those of the whole world.

On the ten small beads of each decade, say:

For the sake of His
sorrowful Passion,
have mercy on us
and on the whole world.
Conclude with:

Holy God,
Holy Mighty One,
Holy Immortal One,
have mercy on us
and on the whole world. (repeat three times)

Eternal God, in whom mercy is endless and the treasury of compassion-inexhaustible, look kindly upon us and increase Your mercy in us, that in difficult moments we might not despair nor become despondent, but with great confidence submit ourselves to Your holy will, which is Love and Mercy itself.

* Celebrated on the Sunday after Easter.

Chaplet of the Infant Jesus

There are three and twelve for this chaplet.

This chaplet to the Holy Infant owes its origin to the zeal of Venerable Marguerite of the Blessed Sacrament of Beaune (France) who died in 1648 at age 27. It centers on the mystery of Jesus Christ's infancy, highlighting especially purity of heart and innocence.

Our Father (3x) in honor of the Holy Family (3 beads)
Before each Our Father say: And the word became flesh, and lived among us.

Hail Mary (12x) in honor of the twelve years of Jesus' infancy
Before the first Hail Mary say: And the word became flesh, and lived among us.

At the end of the chaplet say: Holy Infant Jesus, bless and protect us.

This chaplet (3 and 12 beads) has a medal with the image of the Holy Infant. It bears on its back the following invocation:

Divine Infant Jesus, I adore Your Cross, and I accept all the crosses You will be pleased to send me.
Adorable Trinity, I offer You for the glory of the Holy Name of God all the adorations of the Sacred Heart of the Holy Infant Jesus.

Chaplet of the Sacred Heart

The Chaplet consists of thirty-three small beads, six large beads, a centerpiece, a Crucifix and a Sacred Heart Medal.

On the cross pray: Soul of Christ, sanctify me .

On the large beads: O sweetest Heart of Jesus, I implore that I may ever love Thee more and more.

On the small beads: Sweet Heart of Jesus, be my love.

At the end of each decade: Sweet Heart of Mary, be my salvation.

At the conclusion: May the Heart of Jesus in the most blessed Sacrament be praised and adored and loved with grateful affection, at every moment, in all the tabernacles of the world, even to the end of time.

The Chaplet of the Holy Face

The purpose of the Crown or Chaplet of the Holy face is to honor the Five Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and to ask of God the Triumph of His Holy Church. This chaplet is composed of a cross and thirty-nine beads of these six are large beads and thirty-three are small. To this chaplet is attached a medal of the holy Face. The thirty-three beads represent the years of Jesus' mortal life. The first thirty beads recall Our Lord's hidden life and are divided into five parts of six beads each, in honor of the senses of touch, hearing, smell, and taste of Jesus.

Chaplet of the Precious Blood

This devotion consists of seven mysteries in which we meditate on the seven principal sheddings of the Most precious Blood of Jesus

The Our Father without the Hail Mary is said five times after each mystery except the last, when it is said three times, thirty-three times total, in honor of the thirty-three years of Our Lord’s life on earth.

1. mystery: Jesus shed his blood in the circumcision – Let us ask for chastity in body and soul.
2. mystery: Jesus shed his blood in the agony while praying in the Garden of Olives. – Let us ask for the spirit of prayer.
3. mystery: Jesus shed his blood in the scourging at the pillar. – Let us ask for patience and self-control.
4. mystery: Jesus shed his blood in the crowning with thorns. – Let us ask for humility to atone from pride.
5. mystery: Jesus shed his blood while carrying His cross to Calvary. – Let us ask for acceptance of our daily crosses.
6. mystery: Jesus shed his blood in the terrible crucifixion. – Let us ask for contrition.
7. mystery: Jesus shed blood and water from His side pierced by the lance. – Let us ask for perseverance.


Chaplet of Our Lady of Czestochowa

Nine beads with at one end of the string a crucifix and at the other a medal of Our Lady of Czestochowa

The nine beads correspond to three Our Fathers, three Hail Marys and three Glorias. The chaplet begins (or ends) with the following prayer addressed to Our Lady of Czestochowa:

O Almighty and merciful God! You gave the Polish Nation a wondrous help and defense in the most holy Virgin Mary and You honored Her sacred image at Jasna Gora with remarkable veneration of the faithful. Grant in Your mercy that, under Her protection, we may struggle confidently throughout our lives and at the moment of death be victorious over our enemy. We ask this through Christ our Lord. Amen.

Lady of Jasna Gora, our Mother, Queen of the Polish Nation! Trusting in Your maternal goodness and powerful intercession with Your Son, we place before You our humble prayers and petitions. To You we commend all our needs, in particular . and all children of the Polish Nation whether in their native land or elsewhere in the world.

Chaplet of Our Lady, Star of the Sea

The chaplet of Our Lady Star of the Sea has a medal of Our Lady of Carmel, three separate beads, and twelve additional beads.

Our Lady Star of the Sea is the patroness of those who sail the seas. According to Saint Bonaventure she is also the one who guides to a landfall in heaven those who navigate the sea of this world in the "ship of innocence or penance." Our Lady aids not only sailors, but also those who sail the stormy seas of life.

The prayer begins with the medal. Holding the medal of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, you say this prayer:

Most beautiful Flower of Mount Carmel, Fruitful Vine, Splendor of Heaven, Blessed Mother of the Son of God, Immaculate Virgin, assist me in this my necessity. O Star of the Sea, help me and show me herein that you are my Mother.

Holy Mary, Mother of God, Queen of Heaven and Earth, I humbly beseech you from the bottom of my heart, to succor me in this necessity there are none that can withstand your power.

The first three beads are for one Our Father, one Hail Mary, and one Glory Be. These three beads are for John Paul II, Bishop Warren Boudreaux and John Paul Finke (The Confraternity of Our Lady Star of the Sea, Morgan City, Louisiana, was established in 1979 by Bishop Boudreaux). I suppose it would not be sacrilegious to say these three prayers for those who minister in the church at all levels.

On each of the twelve beads representing the twelve stars on Our Lady's crown say one Hail Mary followed by the invocation:

Our Lady, Star of the Sea, help and protect us!

Sweet Mother, I place this cause in your hand.

Chaplet of the Immaculate Conception

The Chaplet consists of three groups of four beads, with a medal of the Immaculate Conception attached to the end. It was composed by Saint John Berchmanns, S.J. and recited by him daily to obtain, through the intercession of Mary, the grace never to commit any sin against the virtue of purity.

There are other chaplets in honor of the Immaculate Conception. One of them uses an ordinary rosary (five decades), with the following exception. Instead of the crucifix, this chaplet has a medal of the image known as the "Miraculous Medal" (1830) framed by the prayer "O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to thee." The two beads (not three) immediately preceding the medal invite to say two Hail Marys. Before saying each one of them, it is said: "Praise be to the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary."

In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

O God, come to my aid O Lord make haste to help me in my time of need.

1st - I thank Thee, O Eternal Father! for having by Thy Almighty power preserved Mary, most holy, Thy blessed daughter from the stain of original sin.

Then on the large bead say: Our Father: and on the four small beads: Hail Mary, adding each time: Blessed be the pure, most holy and Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

2nd - I thank Thee, O Eternal Son, for having by Thy wisdom preserved Mary, most holy, Thy blessed mother from the stain of original sin.

Then on the large bead say: Our Father: and on the Four small beads: Hail Mary, adding each time: Blessed be the pure, most holy and Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

3rd - I thank Thee, O Holy Ghost Eternal, for having by Thy love preserved Mary, most holy, Thy Blessed Spouse, from the stain of original sin.

Then on the large bead say: Our Father: and on the four small beads: Hail Mary, adding each time: Blessed be the pure, most holy and Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Conclude with: Glory be to the Father, to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the beginning, is now and will be forever. Amen

Chaplet of the Immaculate Heart of Mary

The Rosary of Mary's Immaculate Heart is said with an ordinary rosary.

The Sign of the Cross is made five times in veneration of the Savior's five Holy Wounds.

On the large beads is said: Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary, Pray for those who seek refuge in you.

On the small beads is said: Holy Mother, save us through your Immaculate Heart's flame of love.

At the end, the Glory Be to the Father is repeated three times.

Chaplet of the Seven Sorrows

The chaplet or rosary of the Seven Sorrows uses special beads. There are seven groups of seven beads.

The seven groups of seven Hail Marys remember the seven sorrows of Our Lady, which are:

1. The prophecy of Simeon.
2. The flight into Egypt.
3. The loss of the Child Jesus in the Temple.
4. Mary meets Jesus carrying His Cross.
5. The Crucifixion.
6. Mary receives the body of Jesus from the Cross.
7. The body of Jesus is placed in the tomb.

The concluding prayer is as follows:

V. Pray for us, O most sorrowful Virgin.

R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Lord Jesus, we now implore, both for the present and for the hour of our death, the intercession of the most Blessed Virgin Mary, Thy Mother, whose holy soul was pierced at the time of Thy passion by a sword of grief. Grant us this favor, O Savior of the world, Who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Spirit forever and ever. Amen.

The Brigittine Rosary

It consists of six decades of ten beads each. There are three additional beads at the end. The sixty-three Hail Marys are in remembrance of the sixty-three years of Mary's earthly life according to one traditional account. The seven Our Fathers, said on the large beads between each decade, are in remembrance of the seven sorrows and joys of the Blessed Virgin.

Each decade consists of one Our Father and ten Hail Marys. The Apostles' Creed is said on the crucifix.

The Chaplet of the Ten Evangelical Virtues of the Blessed Virgin Mary

This prayer has been passed on by tradition in the Marian Order. It is meant for private recitation on the rosary.

After the Sign of the Cross, recite one Our Father followed by ten Hail Marys. After the words, "Holy Mary, Mother of God" mention one virtue in this order:

most pure
most prudent
most humble
most faithful
most devout
most obedient
most poor
most patient
most merciful
most sorrowful.

The Little Crown of the Blessed Virgin Mary

St. Louis de Montfort, universally known for his True Devotion to Mary, embellished the Chaplet of the Immaculate Conception by adding to each Hail Mary a distinctive invocation in praise of the Blessed Virgin's excellence, power and goodness, ending with the joyful strain: Rejoice, O Virgin Mary! Rejoice a thousand times.

1. The Crown of Excellence
2. The Crown of Power
3. The Crown of Goodness.

The Little Crown of Twelve Stars

An ancient devotion of the Order of Our Lady of Mercy based on the Book of Revelation 12:1. The chaplet consists in a medal, five Our Father beads and three sets of four beads each where the Hail Mary is prayed. The Our Father and four Hail Marys are recited in honor of Our Lady's Crown of Excellence. The chaplet ends with a Glory be.

The Little Rosary of Our Lady of Consolation

Belongs to the Arch confraternity of Saints Augustine and Monica and is composed of thirteen couplets of beads. The essential prayers to be said are Our Father and Hail Mary repeated thirteen times after which is recited the Hail Holy Queen.

The Tears of Our Lady Chaplet

The Blessed Virgin Mary grants seven graces to the souls who honor her daily by saying seven Hail Marys and meditating on her tears and dolors. The devotion was passed on by St. Bridget. These are the seven graces:

1. I will grant peace to their families
2. They will be enlightened about the divine mysteries
3. I will console them in their pains and I will accompany them in their work.
4. I will give them as much as they ask for as long as it does not oppose the adorable will of my divine Son or the sanctification of their souls.
5. I will defend them in their spiritual battles with the infernal enemy and I will protect them at every instant of their lives.
6. I will visibly help them at the moment of their death they shall see the face of their mother.
7. I have obtained (this grace) from my divine Son, that those who propagate this devotion to my tears and dolors, will be taken directly from this earthly life to eternal happiness since all their sins will be forgiven and my Son and I will be their eternal consolation and joy.

Our Lady of Medjugorje Chaplet

Composed of twenty-four beads in honor of Our Lady. Each part consists of a single bead and a group of three beads. The single beads signify the Miraculous Vision of Our Lady.

Make the sign of the Cross and say the Apostles' Creed.

On the first bead say the Our Father.

On the next three beads say three Hail Marys.

On the single bead say: Glory Be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit. Amen. Then, announce the First Mystery of the Rosary and say one Our Father and the three Hail Marys on the next three beads.

Repeat the above saying the different mysteries of the rosary as you proceed around the chaplet.

At the end of the chaplet say: Praised be the name of Jesus. May his blessed Mother guide us in righteous paths and protect us from all evil.

Prayer to the Mother of Goodness, Love and Mercy:

O Mother mine,
Mother of goodness, love and mercy,
I love you infinitely
and I offer myself to you.
By means of your goodness, your love
and your grace, save me.
I desire to be yours.
I love you infinitely,
and desire you to protect me.
From the depth of my heart I pray you, Mother of goodness,
give me your goodness.
Let me gain Heaven by means of it.
I pray you, by your infinite love,
to give me the grace,
so that I may love every person,
as you have loved Jesus Christ.
I pray you to give me the grace
to be merciful towards you.
I offer myself to you completely and desire
that you follow my every step.
Because you are full of grace.
And I desire that I will never forget this.
And if, by chance, I should lose grace
I pray you to restore it to me once more.

Listing of other Chaplets for Our Lady:

The Franciscan Crown
Little Rosary of the Seven Dolors of Mary
Rosary of the Tears of Blood
Rosary in Praise of the Most Blessed Virgin
Chaplet of Our Lady of Guadalupe
The Dominican Chaplet
Our Lady of Perpetual Help Rosary


Little Rosary of Saint Raphael

It consists of a medal of the Archangel Raphael connected with a prayer to him.

Pray three Hail Marys on the small beads. On the nine beads say a special prayer in honor of the nine choirs of Angels. End the rosary with an aspiration: St. Raphael, Angel of Health, of love, of joy, of light, pray for us.

The Chaplet of Saint Michael, the Archangel

The history of this chaplet goes back to a devout Servant of God, Antonia d'Astonac, who had a vision of Saint Michael. He told Antonia to honor him by nine salutations to the nine Choirs of Angels. Saint Michael allegedly promised that whoever would practice this devotion in his honor would have, when approaching Holy Communion, an escort of nine angels chosen from each of the nine Choirs. In addition, for those who would recite the chaplet daily, he promised his continual assistance and the assistance of all holy angels during one's life.

O God, come to my assistance, O Lord, make haste to help me. Glory be to the Father, etc. (Say one Our Father and three Hail Marys after each of the following nine salutations in honor of the nine Choirs of Angels)

1. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial Choir of Seraphim may the Lord make us worthy to burn with the fire of perfect charity. Amen.
2. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Cherubim may the Lord grant us the grace to leave the ways of sin and run in the paths of Christian perfection. Amen.
3. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Thrones may the Lord infuse into our hearts a true and sincere spirit of humility. Amen.
4. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Dominions may the Lord gives us grace to govern our senses and overcome any unruly passions. Amen.
5. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Powers may the Lord protect our souls against the snares and temptations of the devil. Amen.
6. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Virtues may the Lord preserve us from evil and falling into temptation. Amen.
7. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Principalities may God fill our souls with a true spirit of obedience. Amen.
8. By the intercession of Sant Michael and the celestial choir of Archangels may the Lord give us perseverance in faith and in all good works in order that we may attain the glory of Heaven. Amen.
9. By the intercession of Saint Michael and the celestial choir of Angels may the Lord grant us to be protected by them in this mortal life and conducted in the life to come in Heaven. Amen.

Say one Our Father in honor of each of the following leading Angels: St. Michael, St Gabriel, St. Raphael, and Our Guardian Angel.

O glorious prince St. Michael, chief and commander of the heavenly hosts, guardian of souls, vanquisher of rebel spirits, servant in the house of the Divine King and our admirable conductor, you who shine with excellence and superhuman virtue, deliver us from all evil, who turn to you with confidence and enable us by your gracious protection to serve God more and more faithfully every day. Pray for us, O glorious St. Michael, Prince of the Church of Jesus Christ, that we may be made worthy of His promises. Almighty and Everlasting God, Who, by a prodigy of goodness and a merciful desire for the salvation of all men, has appointed the most glorious Archangel St. Michael Prince of Your Church, make us worthy, we ask You, to be delivered from all our enemies, that none of them may harass us at the hour of death, but that we may be conducted by him into Your Presence. This we ask through the merits of Jesus Christ Our Lord. Amen.

Chaplet of the Holy Angels

O my Jesus, I offer this chaplet to Your Divine Heart, that You may render it perfect, thus giving joy to Your Holy Angels, and so they may keep me under their holy protection, above all at the hour of my death to which I invite them with all my heart. Strengthened by their presence, I will await death with joy and be preserved from the assaults of hell. I beseech you also, dear Angels, to visit immediately the souls in Purgatory, especially my parents, my friends, my benefactors help them so that they will soon be delivered. Do not forget me either after my death. This I beg you with all my heart, through the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Amen.

1. St. Michael, I recommend the hour of my death to you! Hold the Evil One prisoner, so that he may not battle against me and do no harm to my soul.

2. St. Gabriel, obtain for me from God lively faith, strong hope, ardent charity and great devotion to the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar.

3. St. Raphael, lead me constantly on the road of virtue and perfection.

4. My Holy Guardian Angel, obtain for me divine inspiration and the special grace to be faithful.

I. O ardent Seraphim, obtain for me a burning love for God-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

II. O Cherubim brilliant with light, obtain for me true knowledge of the science of the saints-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

III. O admirable Thrones, obtain for me peace and tranquility of heart-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

IV. O exulted Dominions, obtain for me victory over all evil thoughts-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

V. O invincible Powers, obtain for me strength against all evil spirits-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

VI. O most serene Virtues, obtain for me obedience and perfect justice-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

VII. O Principalities, who accomplish prodigies, obtain for me plenitude of all virtues and perfection-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

VIII. O holy Archangels, obtain for me conformity to the Will of God-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.

IX. O holy Angels, O faithful Guardian Angels, obtain for me true humility and great confidence in the divine mercy-one Our Father, three Hail Marys.


Chaplet of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha

Consists of eight brown, eight red and eight crystal beads.

Recite an Our Father on each of the eight brown beads, a Hail Mary on each of the eight red beads and a Glory be on each of the eight crystal beads.

Conclude praying: May the Holy Trinity, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, through Kateri's prayers restore the beauty of our waters, skies, forests and air, the ecology of our entire world.

Chaplet of Juan Diego

It consists of a medal with the image of Juan Diego, three large and twelve small beads.

Chaplet of Padre Pio

Recite three Our Fathers, three Hail Marys and three Glory Bes and a prayer to Saint Pio of Pietrelcina

Chaplet of Saint Anthony

This chaplet is composed of thirteen decades of three beads per decade.

This chaplet's prayer is believed to have been written by Saint Bonaventure.

On the first bead of each decade is said the Our Father, on the second the Hail Mary, and on the third the Glory be to the Father. At the end of this sequence, the following poem-prayer is recited.

If miracles thou vain would see
Lo, error, death, calamity.
The leprous stain, the demon flies,
From beds of pain the sick arise.
The hungry seas forgo their prey.

The prisoner's cruel chains give way
While palsied limbs and chattels lost
Both young and old recovered boast.
And perils perish, plenty's hoard,
Is heaped on hunger's famished board
Let those relate who know it well,
Let Padua of her patron tell.

The hungry seas forgo their prey.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.

The hungry seas forgo their prey.

V. Pray for us, blessed Anthony,
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

O God, let the votive commemoration of
Blessed Anthony, Thy confessor, be a source
of joy in Thy Church, that she may always be
fortified with spiritual assistance, and may
deserve to possess eternal joy. Through Christ
our Lord. Amen.

Chaplet of Saint Anne

The little chaplet supposedly dates back to 1875. The author is unknown. The chaplet is the source of a great number of favors both spiritual and temporal.

The Chaplet consist of the recitation of the following prayers:

1. In honor of Jesus, one Our Father and five Hail Marys. After each Hail Mary say: Jesus, Mary and Saint Anne, grant the favor I ask.
2. In honor of Mary, one Our Father and five Hail Marys. After each Hail Mary say: Jesus, Mary and Saint Anne, grant the favor I ask.
3. In honor of Saint Anne, one Our Father and five Hail Marys. After each Hail Mary say: Jesus, Mary, and Saint Anne, grant the favor I ask.

The Chaplet of Saint Joseph

The chaplet is divided into fifteen groups of four beads consisting of one white and three purple beads. The white beads symbolize Saint Joseph's purity, and the purple his saintly piety.

A mystery of the rosary is considered on each white bead and two Hail Marys are said. On the purple beads say: Praised and blessed be Jesus, Mary and Joseph.

Chaplet of Saint Patrick

There are twelve beads for this chaplet.

Prayer on the Medal: The Apostle's Creed

On each of the twelve green beads recite: Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Intention: Through the intercession of St. Patrick, may God Almighty strengthen one's faith, and grant the grace of faith for others.

Breastplate of Saint Patrick

Christ as a light,
Illumine and guide me!
Christ as a shield, o'ershadow and cover me!
Christ be under me! Christ be over me!
Christ be beside me, on the left hand and right!
Christ be before me, behind me, about me
Christ this day, be within and without me!
(From "Hymn Before Tara")

Chaplet of Saint Philomena

This chaplet consists of three white beads and thirteen red beads.

On the medal say the Apostles' Creed to ask for the grace of faith. On each of the white beads say an Our Father in honor of the three Divine Persons of the Blessed Trinity in thanksgiving for all favors obtained through her intercession. On each of the red beads (which are thirteen in number to commemorate the thirteen years that St. Philomena spent on earth) say the following prayer:

Hail, O holy St. Philomena, whom I
acknowledge, after Mary, as my advocate with
the Divine Spouse, intercede for me now and
at the hour of my death.
St. Philomena, beloved daughter of Jesus
and Mary, pray for us who have recourse to
thee. Amen.

Hail, O illustrious St. Philomena, who shed
so courageously your blood for Christ! I bless
the Lord for all the graces He has bestowed
upon thee during thy life, and especially at
thy death. I praise and glorify Him for the
honor and power with which He has crowned
thee, and I beg thee to obtain for me from God
the graces I ask through thy intercession.

The Little Flower of the Rosary

There are twenty-five beads for this chaplet. Many persons have received special graces by reciting this chaplet during a period of nine to twenty-four days. Some even speak of a rose granted by Saint Therese.

To pray this rosary, bless yourself and say on the first bead: Saint Therese of the Infant Jesus, Patroness of Missions, pray for us!

On each of the remaining twenty-four beads say the Glory be to the Father in honor of the Blessed Trinity, in thanksgiving for giving the world the Little Saint who lived only twenty-four years.

On successive days before 11:00 a.m., say the prayer to Saint Therese, five Our Fathers, five Hail Marys, and five Glory Bes.

On the fifth day, offer one more set containing five Our Fathers, five Hail Marys, and five Glory Bes.

Saint Therese, the Little Flower, please pick me a rose from the heavenly garden and send it to me with a message of love. Ask God to grant me the favor I implore and tell Him I will love Him each day more and more.

Rosary in Honor of Saint Joseph

This can be said with a regular rosary. Instead of the Hail Mary say the Hail Holy Joseph:

Hail, Holy Joseph, spouse of the ever virgin Mary, foster father of God the Son, whom our Father in Heaven chose to be head of the Holy Family, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death, Amen.

1. The Annunciation of Joseph
2. The birth of Jesus
3. The Circumcision and Naming of Jesus
4. The Presentation of the baby Jesus in the Temple
5. The finding of the boy Jesus in the Temple

1. Joseph's spouse Mary is found to be with child
2. The journey to Bethlehem
3. Joseph flees to Egypt with Mary and Jesus
4. Jesus is lost in Jerusalem
5. The death of Joseph

1. The Glorification of St. Joseph
2. St. Joseph, Patron of the Universal Church
3. St. Joseph, protector of Families
4. St. Joseph, Patron of the Sick and Suffering
5. St. Joseph, Patron of a Holy Death


All Souls Rosary

This chaplet is said on an ordinary rosary. On the Crucifix say the psalm "Out of the Depths." Say the Our Father on the large beads. Offer each decade for a particular intention.

Chaplet for Priests

There are fourteen beads. First the creed on the cross, one Our Father, one Glory Be. On the loop: one Glory Be, four Hail Marys, two Glory Bes, four Hail Marys and one Our Father.

Lord Jesus, you have chosen your priests from among us and sent them out to proclaim your word and to act in your name. For so great a gift to your Church, we give you praise and thanksgiving. We ask you to fill them with the fire of your love, that their ministry may reveal your presence in the Church. Since they are earthen vessels, we pray that your power shine through their weakness. In their affections let them never be crushed in their doubts never despair in temptation never be destroyed and in persecution never abandoned. Inspire them through prayer to live each day the mystery of your dying and rising. In times of weakness send them your Spirit, and help them to praise your heavenly Father and pray for poor sinners. By the same Holy Spirit put your word on their lips and your love in their hearts, to bring good news to the poor and healing to the broken-hearted. And may the gift of Mary your mother to the disciple whom you loved be your gift to every priest. Grant that she who formed you within her in human image, may form them in your divine image, by the power of your Spirit, to the glory of God the Father, Amen.

Chaplet of the Virtues

The chaplet consists of seven sets of three beads divided by seven single beads for the virtues.

On the cross start with the Apostles' Creed.

On the first bead pray the consecration to Mary: My Queen, my Mother, I give myself entirely to you and to show my devotion to you I consecrate to you this day, my eyes, my ears, my mouth, my heart, my whole being without reserve. As I am you own, my good Mother, guard me and defend me as your property and possession. Amen.

On the next bead say the Angelus.

Naming each virtue on the black beads say The Lord’s Prayer, the Glory be and a prayer to the Holy Spirit on the set of three beads.

The virtues are: faith, hope, charity, humility, patience, perseverance, obedience.

Electronic Rosary
From Shrine of Divine Love, Rome, Italy

Irish Penal Rosary

This rosary was used during times of religious oppression in Ireland. The symbols are as follows:

Hammer: nails of the cross
Nails: crucifixion
Spear: wound
Halo: crown of thorns
Cords: scourging
Chalice: Last Supper
Rooster: crowing/resurrection

Missionary Rosary

The Mission Rosary links two major concerns of our church: prayer and apostolate. The rosary is a traditional form of prayer which combines remembrance, praise and petition. It remembers the events of Salvation History, and is in fact the memorial of Christ's mission. The Hail Mary as essential part of the Rosary combines praise and intercession. It praises God for the wonderful things he has done for Mary and through her. But its second half also reminds us that we are in need of God’s help and protection which we seek with Mary as intercessor. If the rosary already by itself points to apostolate and mission, this idea has been reinforced by Mary's urging to convert and evangelize expressed in numerous apparitions. The missionaries of the Society of the Divine Word consider themselves mandated to bring this message to the whole world, especially in view of promoting peace. One of the tools they use is the mission rosary. It encourages prayers for their mission.

The colored beads symbolize the missionary efforts of the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) in each of the five continents. The beads of each decade of the rosary then has a distinct color:

Red for the Americas (North and South)
Green for Africa
White for Europe
Blue for Oceania
Yellow for Asia

The missionary rosary follows the normal pattern of Creed, Our Father, three Hail Marys, Glory Be and the five decades (each for the Joyful, Luminous, Sorrowful and Glorious Mysteries). For each of these decades the ten Hail Marys are preceded by the Our Father and conclude with the Glory Be.

Peace Chaplet

This chaplet consists of seven Our Fathers, seven Hail Marys, seven Glory Bes and the Apostles' Creed followed by the whole rosary.

Rosary Made of Rose Petals

Made by Carmelite monasteries. It is symbolic of the bouquets given to queens and mothers, since the rosary is itself a bouquet of prayers.

Rosary of the Unborn

The intent of this rosary is to be prayed to end abortion and to forgive the sin of abortion.

The Contemporary Rosary

Equipped with three rows of four, five, and ten beads to manually move while praying the rosary.

The Ladder Rosary

According to popular belief, in Old Mexico the Ladder Rosary has an interesting history. Some trace the first ladder rosary to the vision of Saint Dominic in which he saw souls climbing to heaven on the rosary. Others point to the vision of Saint Francis De Sales who saw two ladders to heaven: a rather steep one leading directly to Jesus, and another far less steep one leading toward Mary. Jesus told Saint Francis: "Tell your sons to come by the other ladder," meaning the easiest way to Jesus is through Mary!

In other popular legends, Saint Dominic, in his visions saw souls climbing the ladder to heaven, and Jacob dreamt about a ladder between heaven and earth on which angels ascended and descended. The ladder even appears in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling painting, showing souls being pulled from Purgatory by a rosary.

Wedding (Lasso) Rosary

During a Mexican wedding ceremony, a lazo (lasso), a large rosary, is draped around the bride and groom while they are kneeling at the altar.

The Fatima Chaplet

Step 1: Begin with the Sign of the Cross. While holding the Cross pray The Sacrifice Prayer:

Oh Jesus, it is for love of You, for the conversion of sinners, and in reparation for the sins committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary that I pray n.

Step 2: On the next large bead pray The Pardon Prayer:

My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love You! I beg pardon for all those that do not believe, do not adore, do not trust and do not love You.

Step 3: On the first small bead pray The Eucharistic Adoration Prayer:

Oh Most Holy Trinity, I adore You! My God, my God, I love You in the Most Blessed Sacrament!

Step 4: On the second small bead pray The Conversion Prayer:

By your pure and Immaculate Conception, oh Mary, obtain the conversion of Russia, Spain, Portugal, Europe and the entire world.

Step 5: On the third small bead pray The Salvation Prayer:

Sweet Heart of Mary, be the salvation of Russia, Spain, Portugal, Europe and the entire world.

Step 6: On the next large bead pray The Pardon Prayer:

My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love You! I beg pardon for all those that do not believe, do not adore, do not trust and do not love You.

Step 7: On each of the next ten small beads pray The Eucharistic Adoration Prayer:

Oh Most Holy Trinity, I adore You! My God, my God, I love You in the Most Blessed Sacrament!

Step 8: On the chain link pray The Decade Prayer:

Oh my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell. Lead all souls to Heaven, and help especially those most in need of Thy Mercy.

Step 9: On the clasp pray The Angel's Prayer:

Oh Most Holy Trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore You profoundly. I offer You the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ present in all the tabernacles of the world, in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifferences by which He is offended. By the infinite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, I beg the conversion of poor sinners. Amen.

Chaplet of the Holy Spirit

This chaplet has seven sections of seven beads each group preceded by a bead to petition one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. These are the seven gifts:

Spirit of Wisdom
Spirit of Intelligence
Spirit of Counsel
Spirit of Life
Spirit of Science
Spirit of Piety
Spirit of Fear of God

The seven beads of each group correspond to the following prayers: Send your Spirit and he will renew the face of the earth – to be repeated seven times.

The Franciscan Family Chaplet Prayer

Make the sign of the cross and recite The Apostles' Creed on the San Damiano Cross. Then recite the Hail Mary three times.

First Decade – 
Begin by saying: Saint Francis of Assisi, through your intercession, I pray that the First Order increases in vocations and that its members continue to grow in holiness. Then recite the Our Father and recite ten times the following: My God and my all!

Second Decade – 
Begin by saying: Saint Francis of Assisi, through your intercession, I pray that the Second Order increases in vocations and that its members continue to grow in holiness. Then recite the Our Father and recite ten times the following: My God and my all!

Third Decade – 
Begin by saying: Saint Francis of Assisi, through your intercession, I pray that the Third Order, both Regular and Secular, increases in vocations and that its members continue to grow in holiness. Then recite the Our Father and recite ten times the following: My God and my all!

Conclusion – 
End by reciting once time: We adore You, O Lord Jesus Christ, because by Your holy Cross, You have redeemed the world. Say the Glory Be 3 times for the intentions of the Pope and his continued holiness. Make the sign of the cross.

Note: This chaplet can be said as a Novena in preparation for the feast of Saint Francis on October 4.

Chaplet of Adoration

On the cross say:
In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

On the medal say:
Lord, remember me in Thy Kingdom.

On the clear beads say (3):
Living Bread, nourish my soul.

On the red beads say (7):
Sweet Jesus in the Holy Eucharist, I adore You.

Succeeding dynasties, 21st–6th century bce

The great brick mausoleums of the 3rd-dynasty kings and the temples they built were sacked and destroyed by the Elamites, but the temples at least were restored by the kings of the succeeding dynasties of Isin and Larsa, and, though it ceased to be the capital, Ur retained its religious and commercial importance. Having access by river and canal to the Persian Gulf, it was the natural headquarters of foreign trade. As early as the reign of Sargon of Akkad, it had been in touch with India, at least indirectly. Personal seals of the Indus valley type from the 3rd dynasty and the Larsa period have been found at Ur, while many hundreds of clay tablets show how the foreign trade was organized. The “sea kings” of Ur carried goods for export to the entrepôt at Dilmun (Bahrain) and there picked up the copper and ivory that came from the east.

The clay tablets were found in the residential quarter of the city, of which a considerable area was excavated. The houses of private citizens in the Larsa period and under Hammurabi of Babylon (c. 18th century bce , in which period Abraham is supposed to have lived at Ur) were comfortable and well-built two-story houses with ample accommodation for the family, for servants, and for guests, of a type that ensured privacy and was suited to the climate. In some houses was a kind of chapel in which the family god was worshipped and under the pavement of which members of the family were buried. Many large state temples were excavated, as were some small wayside shrines dedicated by private persons to minor deities, the latter throwing a new light upon Babylonian religious practices but the domestic chapels, with their provision for the worship of the nameless family gods, are yet more interesting and have a possible relation to the religion of the Hebrew patriarchs.

After a long period of relative neglect, Ur experienced a revival in the Neo-Babylonian period, under Nebuchadrezzar II (605–562 bce ), who practically rebuilt the city. Scarcely less active was Nabonidus, the last king of Babylon (556–539 bce ), whose great work was the remodelling of the ziggurat, increasing its height to seven stages.

Chaplet from Tomb at Ur - History

Genesis 11:31 - "They went from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan. "

Map of Ur of the Chaldees (2,000 BC)

Ur of the Chaldees. The Bible mentions that Abraham, the first Hebrew, was called by God to leave Ur of the Chaldees and to journey to a land that God would show him. Archaeologists have determined exactly where the city of Ur was located in ancient times. The southernmost portion of ancient Sumer was called Chaldea, and the most important Sumerian city was located on the western portion of the Euphrates River and it was called Ur. The land of Chaldea contain riches beyond imagination, and Ur was the wealthiest city. The history in this region exceeds that of the land of Egypt and its pyramids.

Mesopotamia. The word Mesopotamia means the land "between the rivers" which were the Tigris and Euphrates. Although the courses have changed dramatically since ancient times we know the area was nearly 700 - 1000 miles long and nearly 300 miles across. The rivers were so large that the land was considered an "island" that was between them. But the heart of ancient Mesopotamia was in the northwest where the Euphrates made a huge bend at the northern portion of the Tigris as shown in the map above. The Bible records Mesopotamia as the city of Nahor, Abraham's brother (Genesis 24:10).

Genesis 24:10 - "The servant took ten camels, of his master's camels, and departed, having a variety of good things of his master's with him. He arose, and went to Mesopotamia, to the city of Nahor."

[Maps are free to use for personal, classroom, or church use]

Watch the video: The Chaplet of Divine Mercy (July 2022).


  1. Aibne

    In it something is. Many thanks for the information, now I will know.

  2. Dedric

    And you tried like this yourself?

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