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(ScStGbt.: t. 787; 1. 201'6"; b. 28'7"; dr. 16'6";s.8k.;a.18",432-pdrs.)
Mongomery, a wooden screw steamer, was built at New York in 1858; chartered by the Navy in May 1861; purchased at New York 28 August 1861, and commissioned 27 May 1861 at New York, Comdr. O. S. Glisson in command.
From June to November, Montgomery blockaded Apalachicola. Fla., off which she captured Finland, lacking proper papers, 29 August. In November, she began patrolling the coast from Washington to Cape Fear River, and on the 8th had a running fight with Tallahassee, the Confederate iron propeller. After temporary duty oft Ship Island 2 December, she was attacked Oa Horn Island Pass 2 days later by Florida and Pamlico, but was not damaged.
Joining the East Gulf Blockading Squadron 20 January 1862, J!ontgomery reported off Ship Island 3 days later. She took schooner Isabel (formerly W. R. King) off Atchafalaya Bay 1 February, then carried dispatches to Tampa before Joining the West Gulf Blockading Squadron to hunt for schooner Columbia off San Luis Pass, Tex. 5 April. Finding the schooner abandoned, Montgomery burned her, then captured a large sloop. Cruising the Mexican and Texas coasts, she helped free American citizens held in Mexico the latter part of April and took British schooner Will-o'-the-Wisp of the Rio Grande 3 June.
Further prizes were Blanahe, chased ashore at Havana 7 October; British steamer Caroline. taken off Mobile 28 October; and sloop William PJ. Chester, taken 20 November. She continued to blockade Mobile into 1863, then Joined the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, searching for Confederate cruiser Tacong o~ Nantucket Shoals in June and Confederate armed cruiser Florida in the same area in July. In August she Joined the Wilmington Blockade for the remainder of the year.
Among her 1864 operations in this area were the capture of Pet 11 February; the destruction of blockade running steamer Dove 7 June; the capture of Bendigo aground on Wilmington Bar 13 June; and the seizure of Bat off Western Bar 11 October. Other ships of the blockade aided in these captures. In December and January she Joined in the attack on and capture of Fort Fisher
In February 1865, Montgomery patrolled Oa Cape Fear River, engaging Half Moon Battery the 11th, then beginning a coastal patrol from Wilmington to Georgetown S.C., 24 February. Decommissioning at Philadelphia Navy Yard 20 June 1865, she was sold at public auction 10 August 1865, redocumented 1 April 1866, and had merchant service into 1877.
Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Roger de Montgomery
ROGER de Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury and Arundel (d. 1093?), was of the Norman family of Montgomery. In the foundation charter for the abbey of Troarn he describes himself as ‘ego Rogerius ex Normanno Normannus, magni autem Rogerii filius’ ( Stapleton , Rot. Normanniæ, i . lxiii, ii . xciii). He was son of Roger the Great, who in 1035 was an exile at Paris for treachery, and was a cousin not only of the Conqueror, but also of Ralph de Mortimer (d. 1104?) [q. v.] and of William FitzOsbern [q. v.] His brothers, Hugh, Robert, William, and Gilbert, took a prominent part in the disorders of Normandy under the young Duke William it was William de Montgomery who murdered Osbern, the duke's steward, and father of William FitzOsbern ( William of Jumièges , 268 B, 313 A). The young Roger, however, soon became one of William's most attached and trusted supporters. In 1048 he was with the duke before Domfront, and was one of the spies who discovered the hasty flight of Geoffrey Martel ( Will. Poitiers , pp. 182–3 Will. Malmesbury , Gesta Regum, ii. 288). Roger added to his paternal estate as lord of Montgomery and viscount of L'Hiemois by marrying Mabel, daughter of William Talvas of Bellême, Alençon, and Séez, and thus became the greatest of the Norman lords. His influence with William was great. By inducing the duke to give the castle of Neufmarché-en-Lions to Hugh de Grantmesnil he rid himself of a dangerous neighbour, while by his advice Ralph of Toesny, Hugh de Grantmesnil, and Arnold d'Echaufour were for a time banished from Normandy ( Ord. Vit. ii. 81, 113). Roger was present at the council of Lillebonne in 1066, and agreed to contribute sixty ships for the invasion of England. At Hastings he was in command of the French on the right, and distinguished himself by his valour in killing an English giant ( Wace , 7668–9, 13400). He returned with William to Normandy in 1067, and when the king went over to England was left as guardian of the duchy jointly with Matilda ( Ord. Vit. ii. 178). But William soon summoned Roger to rejoin him, and made him Earl of Chichester and Arundel.
About 1071 Roger obtained also the more important earldom of Shrewsbury, which, if it was not a true palatinate, possessed under Roger and his sons all the characteristics of such a dignity. In Shropshire there were no crown lands and no king's thegns and in ‘Domesday’ there is mention of only five lay tenants in chief, besides the earl (Domesday, p. 253 Stubbs , Const. Hist. i. 294–5 Freeman , Norman Conquest, iv. 493). The importance of this earldom and the need for its exceptional strength lay in its position on the Welsh border. Roger's special share in the conquest was achieved at the expense of the Welsh. This work was accomplished by politic government, and by a well-devised scheme of castle-building. Chief of his castles was that of Montgomery, to which he gave the name of his Norman lordship ( Eyton , iv. 52, xi. 118). The chief of Roger's advisers were Warin, the sheriff, who married his niece, Amieria William Pantulf or Pantolium [q. v.] and Odelerius, his chaplain, the father of Ordericus Vitalis ( Ord. Vit. ii. 220). But though Roger is praised by Ordericus, he does not seem to have been so popular with his English subjects, for the English burgesses of Shrewsbury complained that they had to pay the same geld as before the earl held the castle (Domesday, p. 252). Roger exerted himself to bring about the peace of Blanchelande between William and Fulk Rechin of Anjou in 1078, and to effect a reconciliation between the king and his son Robert in the following year ( Ord. Vit. ii. 257, 388). In December 1082 his Countess Mabel was killed by Hugh de la Roche d'Igé at Bures-sur-Dives. Mabel was a little woman, sagacious and eloquent, but bold and cruel ( Will. Jumièges , p. 275). Among other ill deeds, she had deprived Pantulf of Perai. Pantulf, who was a friend of Hugh d'Igé, was suspected of complicity in the murder, and in consequence suffered much at the hands of Roger and his sons ( Ord. Vit. ii. 410–11, 432). After Mabel's death Roger married Adeliza, daughter of Ebrard de Puiset, a woman of very different character, who supported her husband in his beneficence to monks. In 1083 Roger commenced to found Shrewsbury Abbey by the advice of Odelerius the work was still in progress at the time of the Domesday survey (ib. ii. 421 Will. Malmesbury , Gesta Pont. p. 306 Domesday, p. 252 b).
Roger secretly supported the cause of Robert of Normandy against William Rufus in 1088, but apparently he took no active part in the rebellion (English Chron. Flor. wig. ii. 21 but cf. Will. Malmesbury , Gesta Regum, pp. 360–1). While Rufus was engaged in Sussex, he found an opportunity to meet Roger, and by conciliatory arguments won him over to his side ( Will. Malmesbury , Gesta Regum, p. 361). Roger was actually present at the siege of Rochester in the king's host, while his three sons were fighting on the other side within the castle. Robert of Bellême [q. v.], the eldest son, soon made his peace with William, and presently crossed over to Normandy, where Duke Robert threw him into prison. Roger of Shrewsbury then also went to Normandy, and garrisoned his castles against Duke Robert. The duke was urged by his uncle, Odo of Bayeux [q. v.], to expel the whole brood of Talvas for a time he followed Odo's counsel, but after a little disbanded his army. Roger then, by making false promises, obtained all he wished for, including his son's release ( Ord. Vit. ii. 292–294, 299). Soon afterwards Roger went back to England. A little before his death he took the habit of a monk at Shrewsbury, and, after spending three days in pious conversation and prayer, died on 27 July ( Ord. Vit. iii. 425). The year was probably 1093, as given by Florence of Worcester (ii. 31), for Ordericus (ii. 421) says distinctly that Roger survived the Conqueror for six years the date is, however, often given as 1094, and M. Le Prevost even favours 1095 (see Eyton , ix. 29, xi. 119). According to a late tradition, Roger died at his house at Quatford (ib. ix. 317), but this is against the plain statement of Ordericus. He was buried in the abbey at Shrewsbury, between two altars.
Roger of Montgomery was ‘literally foremost among the conquerors of England’ ( Freeman , Norman Conquest, ii. 194). To Ordericus he is the ancient hero, the lover of justice, and of the company of the wise and moderate (ii. 220, 422). Even in Mabel's lifetime he was a munificent friend of monks. In 1050 he established monks at Troarn in place of the canons provided for by Roger I in 1022. By the advice of Mabel's uncle William, bishop of Séez, Roger restored St. Martin Séez as a cell of St. Evroul ( Ord. Vit. ii. 22, 46–7, iii. 305). Roger's second wife, Adeliza de Puiset, joined with him in the foundation of Shrewsbury Abbey, bringing monks from Séez the benefactions commenced in 1083 seem to have been completed in 1087 (ib. ii. 416, 421–2 Dugdale , Monast. Angl. iii. 518–20). Roger also restored the abbey of St. Milburga at Wenlock for Cluniac monks, and established the priory of St. Nicholas, Arundel (ib. vi. 1377). The collegiate church at Quatford, Shropshire, is said to have been founded by Earl Roger to commemorate the escape of Adeliza from shipwreck ( Brompton , ap. Scriptores Decem, col. 988). Roger was also a benefactor of the abbey of Cluny, and of Almenesches and Caen in Normandy, and of St. Evroul, to which he gave lands at Melbourne in Cambridgeshire ( Ord. Vit. ii. 415, iii. 20). Besides the castles at Shrewsbury and Montgomery, he built another at Quatford.
By Mabel, Roger was father of five sons: Robert of Bellême [see Bellême ], Hugh de Montgomery [see Hugh ], Roger, Philip, and Arnulf the last three are noticed below. He had also four daughters: Emma, who was abbess of Almenesches from 1074 to 4 March 1113 Matilda, who married Robert of Mortain Mabel, wife of Hugh de Chateauneuf en Thimerais and Sybil, who was, by Robert FitzHamo, mother of Matilda, the wife of Earl Robert of Gloucester [q. v.] By Adeliza he had one son, Ebrard, a learned clerk, who was in Orderic's time one of the royal chaplains in the court of Henry I ( Ord. Vit. ii. 412, iii. 318, 426).
Roger the Poitevin (fl. 1110), the third son, owed his surname to his marriage with Almodis, daughter of the Count of Marche in Poitou, in whose right he succeeded to her brother, Count Boso, in 1091 (Recueil des Historiens de France, xii. 402). His father obtained for him the earldom of Lancaster in England ( Ord. Vit. ii. 423, iii. 425–6). In 1088 he fought on the rebel side at Rochester, but was taken into favour soon after, and in September was acting on behalf of Rufus in the negotiations with William of St. Calais [see William ], bishop of Durham, in whose behalf he afterwards appealed without success ( Dugdale , Monast. Angl. i. 246–8 Freeman , William Rufus, ii. 93, 109, 117). In 1090 he was fighting on behalf of his brother Robert of Bellême against Hugh of Grantmesnil ( Ord. Vit. iii. 361). Afterwards he held Argentan in Normandy for William against Duke Robert, but was forced to surrender in 1094 (English Chronicle Hen. Hunt. p. 217). Roger sided with his brother Robert of Bellême in his rebellion against Henry I in 1102, and for his treason was deprived of his earldom and expelled from England. He retired to his wife's castle of Charroux, near Civrai, where he waged a long war with Hugh VI of Lusignan as to the county of La Marche. He was succeeded as count of La Marche by his son, Audebert III his daughter Pontia married Vulgrin, count of Angoulême ( Ord. Vit. iv. 178–9 Recueil, xii. 402). Roger gave lands in Lancashire to his father's foundation at Shrewsbury, and was himself the founder of a priory at Lancaster as a cell of St. Martin Séez ( Dugdale , Monast. Angl. iii. 519, 521, vi. 997–9).
Philip of Montgomery (d. 1099), called Grammaticus or the Clerk, fourth son of Roger de Montgomery, witnessed the foundation charter of Shrewsbury Abbey ( Dugdale , Monast. Angl. iii. 520). He took part in the rebellion of Robert de Mowbray [q. v.] in 1094. Early in 1096 he was imprisoned by William II ( Flor. Wig. i. 39), but was soon released, and in the same year went on the crusade with Robert of Normandy, and, after fighting valiantly against Corbogha at Antioch, died at Jerusalem. William of Malmesbury describes him as renowned beyond all knights in letters. His daughter Matilda succeeded her aunt Emma as abbess of Almenesches ( Ord. Vit. iii. 483, iv. 183 Will. Malm. Gesta Regum, p. 461). The Scottish family of Montgomerie, now represented by the Earl of Eglinton, claims to be descended from Philip de Montgomery [see under Montgomerie, Sir John ]. Philip had issue, who remained in Normandy and bore the name of Montgomery ( Stapleton , Rot. Norm. II. xciv).
Arnulf, Earl of Pembroke (fl. 1110), fifth son of Roger de Montgomery, obtained Dyved or Pembroke as his share by lot ( Ord. Vit. ii. 423, iii. 425–6 Brut y Tywysogion, p. 67). He built the castle of Pembroke ‘ex virgis et cespite’ about 1090 (ib. Gir. Cambr. vi. 89). The same year he was fighting for Robert of Bellême, and twelve years later he took a chief part in the rebellion against Henry I. Arnulf sent for help to Ireland, and asked for the daughter of Murchadh [q. v.], king of Leinster, in marriage, which was easily obtained. He crossed over to Ireland to receive his wife, and is said to have supported the Irish against Magnus of Norway, and aspired to obtain the kingdom of Ireland. Murchadh, however, took away his daughter Lafacroth, and schemed to kill Arnulf. Subsequently Arnulf was reconciled to Murchadh and married to Lafacroth, but he died the day after the wedding ( Ord. Vit. iv. 177–8, 193–4 Brut, pp. 69, 73). He founded the priory of St. Nicholas in the castle at Pembroke as a cell of St. Martin Séez, 27 Aug. 1098 ( Dugdale , Monast. Angl. iv. 320, vi. 999). The Welsh family of Carew claims descent from Arnulf.
[Ordericus Vitalis (Soc. de l'Hist. de France) William of Malmesbury's Gesta Regum and Gesta Pontificum Brut y Tywysogion (Rolls Ser.) William of Jumièges, and William of Poitiers, ap. Duchesne's Hist. Norm. Scriptores Wace's Roman de Rou Stapleton's Rot. Scacc. Normanniæ Battle Abbey Roll, ed. Duchess of Cleveland Dugdale's Baronage, i. 26–32, and Monasticon Anglicanum Freeman's Norman Conquest and William Rufus Eyton's Antiquities of Shropshire, passim Owen and Blakeway's History of Shrewsbury Planché's Conqueror and his Companions other authorities quoted.]
The History of Yaballaha III and of his Vicar Bar Sauma . Translated by James A. Montgomery. 9¼ × 6, pp. 82. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927.
page453 note 1 For the Fang-shan Crosses see “A Chinese ‘Temple of the Cross’” in The New China Review, vol. i, pp. 89, 321, 522–33, vol. ii, pp. 421, 422 and especially “La Pagode de la Croix”, by Clément , Ph. (with notes by Lagrange , M. J. and Cheikho , L. ) in Le Bulletin Catholique de Pékin, 1922 , pp. 290 –7, 420–8, 464–6Google Scholar 1923, pp. 218–24 1924, pp. 52–4, with numerous excellent photographs and facsimiles.
The Ch'üan-chou Crosses are reproduced from photographs of the original edition of T'ang ching chiao pei sung chêng ch'üan, by Wu-lin , Em. Diaz (Hang-chou), 1644 Google Scholar , kindly sent me by the Librarian of Zikawei. I do not know that they have been reproduced by photography from the original edition before, nor in any form in any English publication.
For yet another Cross found near Ch'üan-chou see Pelliot , , “Chrétiens d'Asia centrale etc,” in T'oung-pao, 1914 , plate facing p. 644 Google Scholar .
About Alexander Montgomery, III
Generation 30 𠊊lexander Montgomery III.
- Birth: 1 Feb. 1762 in Virginia
- Death: Mar. 1831 in Virginia
- Father: Alexander Montgomery II. b: Abt 1740 in Argyll Township, Scotland
- Mother: Martha Walker b: unknown
- Marriage: Mary Elizabeth Johnson b: unknown
- Alexander "Sanders" Montgomery IV b: Aft. 1780 in Virginia
- Isabel Montgomery b: 1784 in Virginia
- Philip? Montgomery b: unknown
- Joseph Johnson Montgomery b: 3 May 1799 in Russell Co., Virginia
6. Alexander Montgomery (Martha Walker5, John Walker4, John Walker3, Jane McKnight2, Sarah Moore1) was born 1 Feb 1762 in Orange Co, NC, and died ABT 1831 in Morgan Co, KY. He married Mary Elizabeth Johnson. She died Dead.
Child of Alexander Montgomery and Mary Elizabeth Johnson is: i. Isabell Montgomery was born 2 May 1785 in Russell Co., VA, and died ABT 1870 in Morgan Co., KY.
- Alexander Montgomery (son of Alexander Montgomery and Martha Walker) was born February 01, 1762 in Virgina.
- Notes for Alexander Montgomery:
Taken directly from "The Addington's of Virginia: Descendants of William Addington and Margaret Cromwell," by Nancy Clark Brown & Rhonda Robertson Sainte Marie on the Clinche, 1994: pp. 616-616A.
Elizabeth Addington, daughter of William and Margaret [Cromwell] Addington, was born 1789 in the Hayters Gap section of Washington County, Virginia.
Elizabeth married Alexander "Sanders" Montgomery, son of Alexander Montgomery, Jr., born February 1, 1762 and the grandson of Alexander Montgomery, Sr. and Martha Walker, daughter of John WALKER of Broad Meadows, Russell County, Virginia. Alexander Montgomery moved to Russell County, Virginia about 1771.
Elizabeth Addington married Alexander in Russell County, Virginia in September of 1806 by the Rev. Mark Whitaker, a Methodist Minister. Alexander and Elizabeth Addington moved to Morgan County, Kentucky and remained there until 1817.
Alexander "Sanders" Montgomery was a soldier in the War of 1812. His pension application on file in the National Archives is as follows: [note: spelling and punctuation are as per taken from the book] State of Kentucky, Morgan County
This day personally appeared before me the undersigned a Justice of the Peace for the county and state aforesaid Isabel Neickell who being first duly sworn states that she was well acquainted with Alexander Montgomery and Elizabeth Montgomery that the said Alexander Montgomery is now dead that he wast the brother of the deponent (Isabell) and that Elizabeth Montgomery who had made application for bounty land is the widow of the said Alexander that she was at their wedding and saw them married that they was married on the 11th day of September 1804 and lived together as man and wife from that time untill the day of her said husbands death that she is still a widow. Sworn to and subscribed 29 June 1852 Isabel (x) Nickell
The deposition of William Adams who being of lawful age and first duly sworn states that he was well acquinted with Alexander Montgomery and Elizabeth Montgomery that he has known them for about thirty five years and that the said Alexander Montgomery has departed this life that the said Elizabeth Montgomery who has made application for bounty land under the act of September 1850 that she is the identical person who is the widow of Alexander Montgomery and that they lived together as man and wife from his first acquaintance up to the day of the death of her said husband. Subscribed and sworn to this 29 June 1852.
BOUNTY LAND CLAIM State of Kentucky County of Morgan
On this 30th day of September 1851 personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace within and for the county and state aforesaid Elizabeth Montgomery aged sixty-two (62) years, a resident of Morgan County, in the state of Kentucky, who being duly sworn according to law, declares, that she is the widow of Alexander Montgomery, deceased, who was a private in the company commanded by Capt. Caldwell in the Regiment of Virginia Volunteers in the War of 1812. That her said husband volunteered at Russell County, VA on or about the fall of the year 1812 for the term of six months and continued in actual service in said war for the term of six months and was discharged at Norfolk in 1813 as will appear by reference to the muster rolls. She further states that she was married to the said Alexander Montgomery in Russell County, VA in September 1806 by one Mark Whitaker, a Methodist preacher and that her name before her said marriage was Elizabeth Addington that her said husband died at home in Morgan County, Kentucky on the 1st day of September, 1847, and that she is still a widow.
AFFIDAVIT OF WITNESSES State of Kentucky County of Morgan
On the 30th day of September 1851 personally appeared before me, a Justice of the Peace with and for the State and County aforesaid Samuel McGuin (Green) and john J. Montgomery residents of the state of Kentucky and county of Morgan who being duly sworn according to law, declare that Elizabeth Montgomery is the widow of Alexander Montgomery, deceased, who was a Private in the regiment of Virginia Volunteers.
Alexander Montgomery enlisted as a private in Lt. Andrew Caldwell's Company of Militia Infantry, detached from the 72nd Regiment of Virginia Militia. Under the command of Lt. Col. McDowell, Lt. Col. Koontz and Lt. Col. Chilton. He is first listed on the Company Muster Roll from September 16 tp October 21, 1813 at Norfolk, VA. He again appears on the muster roll dated October 15 to November 30, 1813 at the camp on the east side of Lyn Haven Bay Inlet on December 18, 1813. He last appears on the muster roll dated november 13 to 30 to March 10, 1814 at the rear of Fort Norfolk, VA listing the distance from Norfolk to the Regimental rendevous as 520 miles.
Children of Alexander "Sanders" and Elizabeth Addington Montgomery:
- Alexander Montgomery III, was born 1 Feb. 1762, in Orange Co. North Carolina,
- He married Mary Elizabeth Johnson in a fort on French Broad River possibly in Tennessee.
In August of 1777 Alexander Montgomery enlisted for a term of five years in the Virginia company commanded by Capt. Read and regiment of Col.Abraham Buford in the Virginia Line and served till the close of the war in 1781. He was honorably discharged at Monmouth.
On Sept. 3, 1827 Alexander Montgomery was 77 years old, a resident of Morgan County, which had recently been cut off from Floyd. He applied for a pension as a result of his military service. He was a blacksmith and showed in his inventory that he owned five planes worth $1 each, one handsaw worth $2.50, and one square worth $3.
Montgomery's application for a war pension was sworn to by Isaac Lykins, J ohn Rose, William Lewis, John L. Oakley-- justices of the peace in Morgan County. The action was certified by Jame s G. Hazelrigg, clerk of Morgan County Court.
In an effort to obtain the pension for Montgomery, despositions in his behalf had been taken in Floyd County on Sept. 1, 1827. One of the three despositions was from Benjamin Wages who stated that he was well acquanted with Montgomery who enlisted from the county of Washington in Virginia and was in the Battle at Utaw Springs. "I being wonded there Mr. Montgomery was marched from there while I was in the hospital before I got able for duty. I frequently heard from him during the war but never seen him any more until the close of the war."
The other deposition was from Peter Sullivan who also said he saw Montgomery enlist, was acquainted with him and saw him frequently during the war.
Both men made their mark which was certified to by William M. Smith, Justice of the Peace, Floyd County. Jacob Mayo was county clerk of Floyd County.
Alexander Montgomery III went with his father's family from Orange County N.C. to Washington County Virginia in 1771. They settled in the Clinch River area in a settlement known as Castle's Woods. There was John Walker and several of John Walker's daughters and their husbands: Patrick Porter, John Snoddy, William, John and Andrew Cowan.
According to the book, Benjamin Logan, Alex ll lived on the Holston River in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1771. Logan was a guest of Alex while looking for land in the area. This was probably when Benjamin Logan met Alex's sister Ann whom he married in 1772.
Since danger of indian attacks was great at that time, a string of forts or stockades was built along the Clinch River valley, and the settlers would move into these forts for protection, when necessary. The one to which the Montgomerys went was Moore's Fort, sometimes called Snoddy's Fort when John Snoddy was in Command.
Daniel Boone and his family were residents of Moore's Fort about 1773-1775.
On 30 June 1777, a listing of the troops at Moore's Fort shows nineteen men including Alexander Montgomery II and his sons, Alexander Montgomery III and John Montgomery. Patrick Porter was the sergeant in command.
Alexander and his brother, John, enlisted in the Continental Army in August of 1777, when Alexander was age 15 and John was 13. Alexander served in the company commanded by Capt. Reed in the regiment commanded by Col. Abraham Buford in the line of State of Virginia. He was honorably discharged at Monmouth (state not given) at the end of the war in 1781. He was in the Battle at Eutaw Springs, S. C., according to Benjamin Wages' deposition.
Sometime after the war Alexander Montgomery III married Mary Elizabeth Johnson in a fort on French Broad River. By 1797 he was back in Russel County Virginia where he was appointed to survey a road.
About 1816 Alexander III and his brother, John moved with their families to Floyd County, Kentucky. Alexander III settled in what now is Morgan County. His occupation was blacksmith.
A Pension for Revolutionary service was granted to Alexander III on 9 Feb. 1828, in the amount of eight dollars per month.
Montgomery III - History
The Scottish Montgomery family originally came from Normandy. They held a castle called Sainte Foy de Montgomery in Calvados, Normandy and Roger de Mundergumbrie was rewarded for his support of William the Conqueror in 1066 with the Earldom of Shrewsbury in England. The first Montgomery in Scotland was Robert, a grandson of the Earl, who was granted lands in Eaglesham in Renfrewshire. He probably came to Scotland with Walter Fitzalan, the first high steward of Scotland in the reign of King David I . He died around 1177. The Eaglesham property remained with the family until the 19th century.
Sir John Montgomery, the 7th Baron of Eaglesham, was a hero at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388. He fought Sir Henry Percy (also known as Hotspur) hand to hand and was responsible for capturing the English knight. He obtained a large ransom as a result, which allowed him to build Polnoon Castle (Polnoon Street is still one of the main thoroughfares in the village of Eaglesham). He also married the heiress of Sir Hugh Eglinton which gave him the Barony of Eglinton and Ardrossan.
Sir John's grandson was created Lord Montgomery in 1449. The 3rd Lord Montgomery supported Prince James in the rebellion against his father, King James III and as a result was granted the island of Arran and keepership of Brodick Castle . These were later taken over by the Hamiltons .
Lord Montgomery became earl of Eglinton in 1507 and, after escaping from the defeat of the Scottish army by the English at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, participated in the Parliament at Perth which proclaimed James V king (aged eighteen months).
There was a long-running feud between the Montgomeries and the Cunninghams . It began over a relatively minor matter but continued over the centuries, despite legal judgements and government action. The Eglinton manor house was burned early in the 16th century and the 4th Earl was killed by the Cunninghams. The government of King James VI eventually managed to get the rival chiefs to shake hands.
During the Reformation, the 3rd Earl remained a staunch Catholic and supported Mary Queen of Scots . He escorted her back from France after the death of her first husband, the King of France. He fought for her at the Battle of Langside in 1568 and was subsequently imprisoned for treason. Religion continued to pose problems when the 6th Earl, a devout Protestant, fought on the side of the Covenanters against King Charles I in the middle of the 17th century. He was later captured and then imprisoned until the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660.
A branch of the Scottish Montgomeries settled in Donegal in Ireland in 1628 and Viscount Montgomery of Alamein came from this line.
The 12th Earl of Eglinton rebuilt Eglinton Castle and was created a peer of the United Kingdom in 1806 as Baron Ardrossan of Ardrossan. The 18th Earl of Eglinton also has the titles of Lord Montgomerie, Lord Seton and Tranent, Earl of Winton and Baron Ardrossan of Ardrossan as well as Hereditary Sheriff of Renfrewshire.
The Montgomery clan motto is "Garde bien" which means "Watch well".
There is a Montgomery clan Web sites here .
Lisa Marie Montgomery (February 27, 1968 – January 13, 2021)  was a convicted murderer. In 2004, she attacked and killed a 23-year old pregnant woman, and cut the unborn child from her womb. The mother had been pregnant for eight months, the child survived and was given to the father.   In 2007, Montgomery confessed the crime. She was sentenced to death. She was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Also, during her childhood, she had been sexually abused for years.  She also had other conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, psychosis, dissociative identity disorder and amnesia.   Her lawyers argued, that because of these conditions, she was severely handicapped, and should not have been tried in a regular court. Montgomery has four children. On January 13, 2021, she was executed by lethal injection. 
Experts, who looked at the case after she had been condemned, found that when she committed the crime, she had suffered from psychosis. Because of smoking tobacco, she had also suffered permanent brain damage. In addition, she mistrusted men in general.  
Montgomery had a bad childhood. Her stepfather allegedly raped her for years. To better handle the situation, Montgomery started drinking alcohol. When Montgomery was 14, her mother discovered the abuse. Instead of helping her, her mother threatened her with a gun.  From her early teen years, her mother forced her to prostitute herself.  She told other people about her situation, but no one seemed to help.  Montgomery tried to escape the situation, and married early, when she was 18 years old. But both her first, and a second marriage led to further abuse.  Montgomery had four children.  She falsely claimed to be pregnant several times, according to both her first and second husbands. 
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional. The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) coordinated the boycott, and its president, Martin Luther King, Jr., became a prominent civil rights leader as international attention focused on Montgomery. The bus boycott demonstrated the potential for nonviolent mass protest to successfully challenge racial segregation and served as an example for other southern campaigns that followed. In Stride Toward Freedom, King’s 1958 memoir of the boycott, he declared the real meaning of the Montgomery bus boycott to be the power of a growing self-respect to animate the struggle for civil rights.
The roots of the bus boycott began years before the arrest of Rosa Parks. The Women’s Political Council (WPC), a group of black professionals founded in 1946, had already turned their attention to Jim Crow practices on the Montgomery city buses. In a meeting with Mayor W. A. Gayle in March 1954, the council's members outlined the changes they sought for Montgomery’s bus system: no one standing over empty seats a decree that black individuals not be made to pay at the front of the bus and enter from the rear and a policy that would require buses to stop at every corner in black residential areas, as they did in white communities. When the meeting failed to produce any meaningful change, WPC president Jo Ann Robinson reiterated the council’s requests in a 21 May letter to Mayor Gayle, telling him, “There has been talk from twenty-five or more local organizations of planning a city-wide boycott of buses” (“A Letter from the Women’s Political Council”).
A year after the WPC’s meeting with Mayor Gayle, a 15-year-old named Claudette Colvin was arrested for challenging segregation on a Montgomery bus. Seven months later, 18-year-old Mary Louise Smith was arrested for refusing to yield her seat to a white passenger. Neither arrest, however, mobilized Montgomery’s black community like that of Rosa Parks later that year.
King recalled in his memoir that “Mrs. Parks was ideal for the role assigned to her by history,” and because “her character was impeccable and her dedication deep-rooted” she was “one of the most respected people in the Negro community” (King, 44). Robinson and the WPC responded to Parks’ arrest by calling for a one-day protest of the city’s buses on 5 December 1955. Robinson prepared a series of leaflets at Alabama State College and organized groups to distribute them throughout the black community. Meanwhile, after securing bail for Parks with Clifford and Virginia Durr, E. D. Nixon, past leader of the Montgomery chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), began to call local black leaders, including Ralph Abernathy and King, to organize a planning meeting. On 2 December, black ministers and leaders met at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church and agreed to publicize the 5 December boycott. The planned protest received unexpected publicity in the weekend newspapers and in radio and television reports.
On 5 December, 90 percent of Montgomery’s black citizens stayed off the buses. That afternoon, the city’s ministers and leaders met to discuss the possibility of extending the boycott into a long-term campaign. During this meeting the MIA was formed, and King was elected president. Parks recalled: “The advantage of having Dr. King as president was that he was so new to Montgomery and to civil rights work that he hadn’t been there long enough to make any strong friends or enemies” (Parks, 136).
That evening, at a mass meeting at Holt Street Baptist Church, the MIA voted to continue the boycott. King spoke to several thousand people at the meeting: “I want it to be known that we’re going to work with grim and bold determination to gain justice on the buses in this city. And we are not wrong.… If we are wrong, the Supreme Court of this nation is wrong. If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong. If we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong” (Papers 3:73). After unsuccessful talks with city commissioners and bus company officials, on 8 December the MIA issued a formal list of demands: courteous treatment by bus operators first-come, first-served seating for all, with blacks seating from the rear and whites from the front and black bus operators on predominately black routes.
The demands were not met, and Montgomery’s black residents stayed off the buses through 1956, despite efforts by city officials and white citizens to defeat the boycott. After the city began to penalize black taxi drivers for aiding the boycotters, the MIA organized a carpool. Following the advice of T. J. Jemison, who had organized a carpool during a 1953 bus boycott in Baton Rouge, the MIA developed an intricate carpool system of about 300 cars. Robert Hughes and others from the Alabama Council for Human Relations organized meetings between the MIA and city officials, but no agreements were reached.
In early 1956, the homes of King and E. D. Nixon were bombed. King was able to calm the crowd that gathered at his home by declaring: “Be calm as I and my family are. We are not hurt and remember that if anything happens to me, there will be others to take my place” (Papers 3:115). City officials obtained injunctions against the boycott in February 1956, and indicted over 80 boycott leaders under a 1921 law prohibiting conspiracies that interfered with lawful business. King was tried and convicted on the charge and ordered to pay $500 or serve 386 days in jail in the case State of Alabama v. M. L. King, Jr. Despite this resistance, the boycott continued.
Although most of the publicity about the protest was centered on the actions of black ministers, women played crucial roles in the success of the boycott. Women such as Robinson, Johnnie Carr, and Irene West sustained the MIA committees and volunteer networks. Mary Fair Burks of the WPC also attributed the success of the boycott to “the nameless cooks and maids who walked endless miles for a year to bring about the breach in the walls of segregation” (Burks, “Trailblazers,” 82). In his memoir, King quotes an elderly woman who proclaimed that she had joined the boycott not for her own benefit but for the good of her children and grandchildren (King, 78).
National coverage of the boycott and King’s trial resulted in support from people outside Montgomery. In early 1956 veteran pacifists Bayard Rustin and Glenn E. Smiley visited Montgomery and offered King advice on the application of Gandhian techniques and nonviolence to American race relations. Rustin, Ella Baker, and Stanley Levison founded In Friendship to raise funds in the North for southern civil rights efforts, including the bus boycott. King absorbed ideas from these proponents of nonviolent direct action and crafted his own syntheses of Gandhian principles of nonviolence. He said: “Christ showed us the way, and Gandhi in India showed it could work” (Rowland, “2,500 Here Hail”). Other followers of Gandhian ideas such as Richard Gregg, William Stuart Nelson, and Homer Jack wrote the MIA offering support.
Student Council (1909-1912) [ edit | edit source ]
Johnathan Montgomery was elected in Student Council in 1907 in a Landslide, but back then, Christian Politics was popular back then, Johnathan had defeated his opponents on the Democratic Party so badly.
Johnathan was very popular, and because of his religious views, he was very in favor of Deregulation, and was on the Conservative side.
1907 Oregon Student Council [ edit | edit source ]
Johnathan won in a powerful landslide because of the popularity of Christian Teachings, the rejection of Charles Darwin was very popular among the United States, although some Americans tend to believe it, Johnathan and Blalock were very on William Jennings Bryan's side.
Johnathan quoted William Jennings Bryan as too Liberal, and Johnathan used Conservatism to defeat Blalock in a Statewide Landslide, which largely happened.
Johnathan was on the Conservative Faction on the Republican Party, and had once continued that Conservatism with pride and controversy due to a Changing Country from the 1940s to the 1970s to the 21st Century.
Johnathan's legacy today in this state student election was negative, Oregon is now a Liberal State, his Christian views on society has viewed it violates the Separation of Church and State.
1908 United States Student Election [ edit | edit source ]
Johnathan won all 46 States, before 1912, before New Mexico and Arizona were even states, Johnathan had grown his Conservatism in opposition to the Statehood of Arizona and New Mexico, he opposed the Statehood of Alaska and Hawaii in 1959.
Johnathan would now oppose the Statehood of DC, quoting it as violating the Foundation of the Fathers.
Johnathan opposed Secularism, which now in the 21st Century, in California, Oregon, New York, Florida, Colorado, New Mexico, Washington State, Nevada, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, and also Pennsylvania, and Maryland, Johnathan's opposition to Secular State violates Liberal Principals.
In the early 20th century, Carnegie-Illinois Steel, then a component of United States Steel (USS), began to purchase properties along Lewis Run in West Mifflin for use as a slag dump. 1 Slag, a waste product of steel production, was transported from regional steel mills via the Union Railroad to what became known as Brown’s Dump. The slag hardened as tough as concrete and grew to encompass 70 million cubic yards of slag 200 feet high and 410 acres in size. 4
In 1969, USS Realty Development, a division of USS, assumed control of Brown’s Dump and began searching for a different use for the site. 1 4 Bulldozers dug into the mountainside and began removing nearly five million cubic yards of slag, much of it used in roadways to strengthen concrete surfaces and bridges. Elsewhere, 25 acres of land along Pennsylvania Route 51 was prepped for commercial use and mined-out coal shafts and tunnels were filled. By 1974, numerous businesses were operating at the base of the mountain.
USS Realty began clearing and preparing another 110 acres at Lebanon Church Road and Regis Avenue for development, and in 1976, formed a partnership with the Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation of Youngstown, Ohio to develop Century III Mall on the site. 1 4 An additional 86 acres of land was prepared for the proposed shopping center, which included the excavation of an additional 15 million cubic yards of slag, soil, and rock. 1
DeBartolo proposed spending $100 million 7 to construct a 1.6 million square-feet shopping center 6 with five department stores, 190 inline shops and restaurants, 6,000 parking spaces, a racketball court, and a skateboard park. 7 The first major retailer to secure construction permits for Century III was J.C. Penny on June 18, 1978. Foundation work had already begun for the $2.8 million, two-story building but a permit for steel superstructure construction was still needed. 5 The first steel was lifted into place for Century III on October 10, 1978. 1 6 7
The first phase of Century III Mall opened on October 25, 1979. 1 It included Kaufmann’s, J.C. Penny, and 75 shops and restaurants. 7 (J.C. Penny closed its Southland Shopping Center location.) The second phase opened on March 12, 1980, and included a three-level Montgomery Ward, 46 tenants, “Pittsburgh Reflections,” a sculpture by Doug Pickering that depicted “the strength and vitality of the people of southwestern Pennsylvania,” 2 8 Olde Pittsburgh, a recreation of a Pittsburgh street scene from 1890, and “The Courtyard,” a three-level panoramic food court.
Gimbels, first announced on March 8, 1979, 7 opened its store on July 25 10 in space that was originally designated for the Joseph Horne department store. 3 The Horne Company elected to occupy a different location in the mall with a targeted opening of 1981 or 1982 7 but ultimately did not build at the shopping center until it replaced Montgomery Ward in 1986. The exterior design of the department store, faced with adobe style bricks, was designed by Robert J. Bridges of New York. 9
Sears opened its store on October 6, 1980, which included a 24-bay auto center, beauty salon, optical department, photography studio, and key shop. 11 (Sears closed its old store at 2930 Lebanon Church Road.)
A 12-screen movie theater was added in 1990. 14
Anchors at Century III changed hands frequently in the 1980s and 1990s as chains went bankrupt or merged with other corporations.
Montgomery Ward began to decline after World War II after the company declined to update and modernize its existing stores, and heavily invest in new locations. The Century III location closed in 1985 and was replaced by Horne’s in October 1986 12 after an $11 million renovation. 13 Horne’s was acquired by Federated Department Store’s Lazarus division in 1994 and the store was rebranded as Lazarus. It became Kauffman’s Furniture Gallery in 1998. The Kauffman’s brand was retired after Federated merged all of its divisions into Macy’s on September 9, 2006. The rebranded store, Macy’s Furniture Gallery, closed in March 2009. 19
Gimbels closed in 1988 and T.J. Maxx opened in the lower level of the former Gimbels in 1989 16 /1993. 15 It became a T.J. Maxx ‘n More in August 1998 17 and closed on January 25, 2003. 16 T.J. Max was replaced by Steve & Barry’s. Marshall’s opened in the upper level of the old Gimbels in 1993 and was replaced by Wickes Furniture in February 1997. Wickes closed in 2004 and was replaced by Dick’s Sporting Goods. 18
Kauffman’s became a Lazarus in 1994 and Macy’s in September 2006. Steve & Barry’s filed for bankruptcy in July 2008 and liquidated all of its stores in November. 19
- Kauffman’s: October 25, 1979 – September 9, 2006 Macy’s: September 9, 2006 – present.
- Gimbels: Fall 1980 – January 1988 Marshall’s (upper level): 1993 – 1996 and T.J Maxx (lower level): 1989/1993 – August 23, 1998 T.J. Maxx ‘n More (lower level): August 23, 1998 – January 25, 2003 Wickes Furniture (upper level): February 13, 1997 – 2004 Dick’s Sporting Goods (upper level): 2004 – March 2019 Steve & Barry’s (lower level): 2003 – 2009.
- J.C. Penny & J.C. Penny Auto Center: October 25, 1979 – present.
- Montgomery Ward & Montgomery Ward Auto Center: March 12, 1980 – 1986 Horne’s: October 30, 1986 – 1994 Lazarus: 1994 – 1998 Kauffman’s Furniture Gallery: 1998 – 2006 Macy’s Furniture Gallery: 2006 – March 2009.
- Sears & Sears Auto Center: October 6, 1980 – December 2014.
- Air Step (phase 1)
- American Eagle Outfitters (phase 1)
- B. Dalton Bookseller (phase 1)
- Bailey, Banks & Biddle (phase 1)
- Brooks Fashions (phase 1)
- Buster Brown Shoes (phase 1)
- C.V.S. (phase 1)
- Camelot Music (phase 1)
- Card Cage (phase 1)
- Carlyle & Co. (phase 1)
- Century III Hair Center (phase 1)
- Century III Travel (phase 1)
- Chess King (phase 1)
- DEB Shops (phase 1)
- DeRoy Jewelers (phase 1)
- Edmund’s Keepsake Diamond Center (phase 1)
- Elby’s Family Restaurant (phase 1)
- Face Factory (phase 1)
- Family Tree (phase 1)
- Fashion Conspiracy (phase 1)
- Fashion Hosiery Shops (phase 1)
- Father & Son Shoes (phase 1)
- Flagg Brothers (phase 1)
- Florsheim Shoe Shop (phase 1)
- Foxmoor (phase 1)
- Fun-N-Games (phase 1)
- The Gap (phase 1)
- Gordon’s Jewelers (phase 1)
- Hanover Shoes (phase 1)
- The Hello Shop (phase 1)
- Herman’s World of Sporting Goods (phase 1)
- House of Cards (phase 1)
- Hughes & Hatcher (phase 1)
- J. Natale’s II Sporting Goods (phase 1)
- J. Riggings (phase 1)
- Jean Nicole (phase 1)
- Joyce-Selby Shoes (phase 1)
- Kaufmann’s Budget Store (phase 1)
- Kenny Kardon The Young Idea (phase 1)
- Kinney Shoes (phase 1)
- Lane Bryant (phase 1)
- Lechter Houseware-Giftware (phase 1)
- The Limited (phase 1)
- Merry-Go-Round (phase 1)
- Morrow’s Nut House (phase 1)
- Motherhood Maternity Shops (phase 1)
- National Record Mart (phase 1)
- Nobil Shoes (phase 1)
- Original Oyster House (phase 1)
- Pearle Vision Center (phase 1)
- Petrie Stores (phase 1)
- Reizenstein’s (phase 1)
- Scoop (phase 1)
- Shaw’s Keepsake Diamond Center (phase 1)
- Silverman’s (phase 1)
- Spencer Gifts (phase 1)
- Standard Sportswear (phase 1)
- Tammey Jewels (phase 1)
- Texas Instruments (phase 1)
- Things Remembered (phase 1)
- Tinder Box (phase 1)
- Toyco (phase 1)
- Toys by Rizzi (phase 1)
- Webster Mens Wear (phase 1)
- Zondervan Family Book Store (phase 1)
In August 1996, the DeBartolo Realty Group was acquired by Simon Property Group, forming North America’s largest real estate company in a deal valued at $3 billion. 22 At the time, Century III boasted six anchors and 200 stores and restaurants. 20 The mall began a slow decline in the early 21st century after The Waterfront opened in nearby Homestead in 1999 and South Hills Village renovated its center in Bethel Park. Both lured tenants and customers away from the aging mall.
As recently as 2006, the mall was assessed at a value of $150 million before dropping to $27 million by 2012. 20 Simon Property Group, unable to stem the growing vacancy issue at Century III, defaulted on its $79 million loan in 2011. Century III was acquired by an asset management firm based in Texas, which was then sold to Moonbeam Capital Investments of Las Vegas in June 2013 for $10.5 million. 21
On September 3, 2017, Century III Mall PA LLC, an affiliate of Moonbeam, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection to stave off a looming sheriff’s sale because of a legal dispute with Sears. 23 The remaining interior concourse tenants began vacating in February 2019 after being given a 30-day notice to vacate and in early March 2019, a bankruptcy judge granted the mall to reject Dick Sporting Good’s lease, and the store closed on March 30.
In June, Moonbeam announced its intention to demolish the nearly vacant Century III mall and replace it with a mixed-use development with offices, hotels, restaurants, and residences. 24 It intended to keep the portion of the mall containing JC Penny, the sole remaining tenant.
Welcome to Montgomery County Pennsylvania History and Genealogy
Montgomery county was created on September 10, 1784, out of land originally part of Philadelphia County. It is believed to have been named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada, but it is not certain that this is the origin of the name.
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