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A Study on the Effects of Ghazan Khan’s Reformative Measures for the Settlement of the Nomadic Mongols (1295-1304)
Roohollah Ranjbar, Fereydoon Allahyari1 & Hussein Mir Ja’fari, (History Department, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran)
Asian Culture and History; Vol. 5, No. 2; (2013)
This article aims to elaborate the effects of Ghazan Khan’s reformative measures for changing Mongol lifestyle. They migrated from one place to another to make a living but after his reforms, they were settled. Mongols were among the people who lived in the Central Asia usually made raids on the neighboring nations. They had taken to a life of vagrancy and never wanted to be settled in a particular place. When they entered the civilized Persia, the Mongolian government became highly polarized. On the one hand, the Mongols habitually destroyed the government’s sources of income (agriculture and trade), and on the other, they were its military force, whose existence was a necessity. As this polarization continued, political and economic crises emerged, too. Then, Ghazan Khan, by some actions, hindered the collapse of the Ilkhanate. As a result, the Mongols underwent a self-imposed settled life but it was against the great Yasa code of Genghis Khan.
During its different historical eras, a period of several thousand years, Iran’s peoples and social structures have suffered many changes due to a variety of factors. In the past, Iran connected the old west and east worlds because of its vastness and its strategic position. As a result, different peoples had to move across the land of Iran, and some chose it as their ultimate settlements. The Greeks, Arabs, Turks and finally the Mongols profited from such a situation. Some of these peoples, having achieved their goals, preferred staying permanently than immigrating to other places, bringing about thorough changes in Iran’s social system, habits and customs, lifestyles, etc. The Mongols were the most important and the last people who invaded and stayed in Iran. They changed Iran’s social system and, naturally, theirs had to change, too.